University Herbarium, UC Berkeley: Indian Ocean Catalogue

IOC entry for Feldmannia irregularis

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Feldmannia irregularis (Kützing) G. Hamel

Ectocarpus irregularis Kützing, 1845: 234 (type locality: Adriatic Sea).—Børgesen, 1941: 22–31, figs. 8–11.— Børgesen, 1948: 44.— Isaac, 1958: 21.— Isaac & Chamberlain, 1958: 140–142, fig. 13.— Pocock, 1958: 25.— K. Srinivasan, 1965: 241.— S. Dixit, 1966: 6.— Misra, 1966b: 78–79, fig. 33.— Misra, 1967: 232.— S. Dixit, 1970: 111–112.— Basson et al., 1977: 154, 264.— Hackett, 1977: 28.— S. Dixit, 1980: 63–64.— Seagrief, 1980: 22.— D. Jones, 1986: 29, pl. 5.— Subba Rao et al., 1992: 181.

Feldmannia irregularis (Kützing) G. Hamel, 1939b: XVII.—Umamaheswara Rao & Sreeramulu, 1964: 599.— Jaasund, 1969: 260, fig. 6.— Umamaheswara Rao, 1969d: 40.— V. Krishnamurthy & H. Joshi, 1970: 10.— Umamaheswara Rao & Sreeramulu, 1970a: 31.— Jaasund, 1977d: 515.— V. Krishnamurthy, 1980: 52.— Untawale, Dhargalkar, & Agadi, 1983: [18].— Chennubhotla, Kaliaperumal, & Kalimuthu, 1987a: 102–103.— Womersley, 1987: 42.— Huisman & Walker, 1990: 370–371.— Basson, 1992: 220.

Giffordia irregularis (Kützing) Joly, 1965: 72–73, pl. VIII: figs. 111–119.—Islam, 1974b: 85.— M. Balakrishnan & Kinkar, 1976: 128.— Islam, 1976: 30, pl. 18: figs. 124–130; pl. 28: figs. 181, 182; pl. 34: figs. 221, 222; pl. 37: figs. 234, 235.— Allender, 1981: 19, 22.— M. Balakrishnan & Kinkar, 1981: 15–16, figs. 19, 33–36.— Untawale, Dhargalkar, & Agadi, 1983: [18] (`regularis').— M. Balakrishnan & Kinkar, 1985a: 54, 56, figs. 1–5.— Chennubhotla, Kaliaperumal, & Kalimuthu, 1987a: 102–103 (`regularis').

Taxonomic synonyms:

Ectocarpus arabicus Figari & De Notaris, 1853: 169, fig. V (type locality: Red Sea).—G. Murray, 1887: 36.— Schiffner, 1934: 117.— Børgesen, 1937a: 7–8.— Varma, 1961: 225.— S. Dixit, 1966: 7.— Misra, 1966b: 76–77, fig. 31.— Misra, 1967: 232.— V. Krishnamurthy & H. Joshi, 1970: 9.— Murthy, Bhattacharya, & Radia, 1978: 382.— Untawale, Dhargalkar, & Agadi, 1983: [17].— Chennubhotla, Kaliaperumal, & Kalimuthu, 1987a: 102–103.

Ectocarpus arabicus Kützing, 1855: 21, pl. 72: fig. II, nom. illeg. (type locality: Red Sea).

Ectocarpus coniger Børgesen var. arabicus Nasr, 1941: 60–62, figs. 3, 4.—Salim, 1965: 196.

Ectocarpus conifer Børgesen, 1914b: 8–13, figs. 5, 6 (`coniferus') (type locality: St. Jan [St. John], Virgin Islands).—Børgesen, 1937a: 5–7, fig. 1.— Chacko, Mahadevan, & R. Ganesan, 1955: 11.

Giffordia conifera (Børgesen) W.R. Taylor, 1960: 207.—Misra, 1966b: 96–97, fig. 47.— Misra, 1967: 233.— Jaasund, 1969: 257–258, fig. 3.— V. Krishnamurthy & H. Joshi, 1970: 10.— Islam, 1974b: 85.— Islam, 1976: 28–29, pl. 17: figs. 122, 123; pl. 34: 219, 220.— Jaasund, 1976: 35, fig. 71.— Jaasund, 1977d: 515.— Lawson, 1980: 23.— M. Balakrishnan & Kinkar, 1981: 14–15, figs. 17, 26–28.— Untawale, Dhargalkar, & Agadi, 1983: [17].— Sartoni, 1986: 368, fig. 6E.— Bolton & Stegenga, 1987: 170, fig. 2d.— Farrell, Critchley, & Aken, 1993: 150.

* Ectocarpus coniger Børgesen, 1935: 31–34, figs. 14–16 (type locality: Back Bay, Bombay, India).—Misra, 1966b: 72–73, fig. 28.— Misra, 1967: 232.— Untawale, Dhargalkar, & Agadi, 1983: [17].— Shameel & J. Tanaka, 1992: 35.

* Ectocarpus nanus Levring, 1938: 18, fig. 8E (type locality: Isipingo Beach, near Durban, South Africa).—Stephenson, 1947: 298.

INDIAN OCEAN DISTRIBUTION: Australia, Bangladesh, India, Kuwait, Maldives, Mauritius, Mozambique, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Tanzania, Yemen.

Note: Feldmannia irregularis was transferred to Hincksia by Amsler (in Schneider & Searles, 1991). H. Kim & I. Lee (1994), however, retained it in Feldmannia. These authors advocated a narrower circumscription of the species than that used by Børgesen (1941: 23–31), who included Ectocarpus arabicus Figari & De Notaris, E. conifer, E. coniger, and E. rallsiae as synonyms. They expressed the opinion that E. arabicus Figari & De Notaris and E. conifer should be recognized as distinct species and transferred to Hincksia. They did not formally propose the combinations, however. Ectocarpus arabicus Kützing is independent of E. arabicus Figari & De Notaris and was treated as a variety of E. coniger by Nasr (1941: 62). Because E. arabicus Kützing is a later homonym and not priorable, the name E. coniger var. arabicus must be attributed solely to Nasr. Ectocarpus nanus is included as a synonym in accordance with a manuscript by Papenfuss & Chihara.

Next entries:
Feldmannia kanyakumariensis
Feldmannia padinae
Feldmannia vaughanii

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