University Herbarium, UC Berkeley: Indian Ocean Catalogue

IOC entry for Portieria hornemannii

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Portieria hornemannii (Lyngbye) P. Silva

Desmia hornemannii Lyngbye, 1819: 35, pl. 7C (`hornemanni') (type locality: stated to be Scandinavia, but probably Red Sea).—Grunow, 1867: 84.— J. Agardh, 1876: 357.— G. Murray, 1887: 25.— Barton, 1893: 142.— Papenfuss, 1940a: 216–218, fig. 12.— Børgesen, 1943: 13.— Stephenson, 1944: 350.— Stephenson, 1947: 303.— Børgesen, 1950b: 6.— Gerloff, 1957: 764.— S. Dixit, 1966: 13.— K. Srinivasan, 1973: 7, pl. VII.— Pichon, 1978: 149, 412.

Chondrococcus hornemannii (Lyngbye) Schmitz, 1895a: 140, 168–170 (`hornemanni') (including Indian Ocean record).—Schmitz, 1895b: 29.— Barton, 1896: 460–461.— De Toni, 1905: 1674–1676.— Lucas, 1912: 162.— Mazza, 1916 [1905–1918]: 134–135.— Delf & Michell, 1921: 118.— Weber-van Bosse, 1921: 255–256.— Børgesen, 1933b: 117.— Børgesen, 1934b: 33.— Børgesen, 1936: 82.— Børgesen, 1937a: 46.— Børgesen, 1937b: 322.— Stephenson, Stephenson, & du Toit, 1937: 373.— Kylin, 1938: 8.— Stephenson, 1939: 534.— Stephenson, 1944: 317.— Chacko, Mahadevan, & R. Ganesan, 1955: 12.— Lind, 1956: 26.— Varma, 1959: 249.— Durairatnam, 1961a: 51–52, pl. XII: figs. 1, 2.— E. Lewis, 1963a: 137, tables I–III.— V. May, 1965: 374.— Isaac, 1967: 79.— E. Lewis, 1967: 305.— Seagrief, 1967: 80, pl. [32].— S. Dixit, 1968: 19.— W. Isaac & F. Isaac, 1968: 23.— Umamaheswara Rao, 1969d: 43.— V. Krishnamurthy & H. Joshi, 1970: 18.— Umamaheswara Rao, 1972: 221.— Lind & Morrison, 1974: 130.— Sartoni, 1975: 292.— Durairatnam & Ragunathamuthaliar, 1976: table 1.— Sartoni, 1976: 131.— Jaasund, 1977c: 418.— Mshigeni, 1977c: 345–346, fig. 1.— Seagrief, 1977: 90.— Semesi & Mshigeni, 1977b: 271–275, figs. 1, 3A.— Simons, 1977: 38, fig. 101.— Brown & Jarman, 1978: 1259.— M. Joseph, 1978a: 18.— Knutzen & Jaasund, 1979: 3.— Farghaly, 1980: 161, pl. XIX: fig. 3.— V. Krishnamurthy, 1980: 53.— Lawson, 1980: 39.— Seagrief, 1980: 25, fig. on pl. 8.— Untawale, Dhargalkar, & Agadi, 1983: [29].— Barratt et al., 1984: species list.— Mshigeni, 1984: table 1.— Untawale & Jagtap, 1984: 101 (table 1).— Sobha & Nair, 1985: 22.— Lambert & Steinke, 1986b: 213.— Nair et al., 1986: 736.— Bolton & Stegenga, 1987: 173.— Chennubhotla, Kaliaperumal, & Kalimuthu, 1987a: 106–107.— Jagtap, 1987: table 1.— Bandara et al., 1988: 214.— Seagrief, 1988: 36, 52, fig. 5:8.— R. Anderson & Stegenga, 1989: 303.— V. Krishnamurthy et al., 1990: fig. 5.— Sofiamma et al., 1991: 56, tables I–IV.— Bhakuni et al., 1992: 514.— Kalimuthu, Kaliaperumal, & Ramalingam, 1992: 123.— Kamat et al., 1992: table I.— Maya & Nair, 1992: 32.— Subba Rao et al., 1992: 181.— Titlyanova, Perestenko, & Kalugina-Gutnik, 1992: 43.— Rama Rao et al., 1993: 106.— Bakus et al., 1994: 127.

Portieria hornemannii (Lyngbye) P. Silva in P. Silva, Meñez, & Moe, 1987: 39, 129.—Huisman et al., 1990: 95 (`hornemannioides').— Kendrick, Huisman, & Walker, 1990: 48, 51 (`hornemannioides').— Kalugina-Gutnik, Perestenko, & Titlyanova, 1992: 18 (table 1).— Farrell, Critchley, & Aken, 1993: 153.— Branch et al., 1994: 334.— Grzebyk et al., 1994: 55.— Ormond & Banaimoon, 1994: 118.

Taxonomic synonyms:

Sphaerococcus lambertii (Turner) C. Agardh var. gelatinosus Suhr, 1834: 729 (type locality: South Africa).

* Rhodymenia tripinnata Hering in Krauss, 1846: 209 (`Rhodhymenia') (type locality: "Natalpoint'' [Durban], South Africa).

Sphaerococcus ? tripinnatus (Hering) Kützing, 1849: 783.

Desmia tripinnata (Hering) J. Agardh, 1852 [1851–1863]: 640–641.—Grunow, 1867: 84.— J. Agardh, 1876: 356–357.— G. Murray, 1887: 25.— Barton, 1893: 142.— Barton, 1896: 197.— Papenfuss, 1940a: 218, fig. 13.— Børgesen, 1943: 14.— Stephenson, 1944: 350.— Stephenson, 1947: 302.— Farghaly, 1980: 161.

Chondrococcus hornemannii (Lyngbye) Schmitz var. tripinnatus (Hering) Tyson, 1910: no. 88 (`tripinnata').

Chondrococcus tripinnatus (Hering) Delf & Michell, 1921: 118 (`tripinnata').—Brown & Jarman, 1978: 1259.— Seagrief, 1980: 25, fig. on pl. 8.— Bolton & Stegenga, 1987: 173.— Seagrief, 1988: 52, fig. 5:8.

Portieria tripinnata (Hering) Farrell, Critchley, & Aken, 1993: 153 (`tripinnatus'), nom. inval.—Farrell et al., 1994: 280.

Plocamium cincinnatum Montagne, 1850a: 243 (type locality: Hodeida, Yemen).—P. Dangeard, 1941: 36, fig. 5N.— Pichon, 1978: 149, 151, 419.— Farghaly, 1980: 163.

Portieria coccinea Zanardini, 1851: 33 (type locality: Red Sea).

Desmia coccinea (Zanardini) Zanardini, 1858: 263–264.—Hauck, 1886 [1886–1889]: 219.

* Desmia ambigua J. Agardh, 1852 [1851–1863]: 641 (type locality: India).—Harvey, 1857a: no. 21.— Dickie, 1874b: 193.— J. Agardh, 1876: 357.— G. Murray, 1887: 26.— Jadin, 1935: 170.

* Desmia lambertii Grunow, 1867: 84 (`lamberti') (type locality: Algoa Bay, Cape Province, South Africa).

Chondrococcus hornemannii (Lyngbye) Schmitz forma lambertii (Grunow) De Toni, 1905: 1676.—Mazza, 1916 [1905–1918]: 136–140.

Chondrococcus lambertii (Grunow) Schmitz, 1895a: 170, nom. illeg.—Kylin, 1938: 8.— Stephenson, 1939: 534.— Stephenson, 1944: 300, 317.

* Desmia pulvinata J. Agardh, 1876: 356 (type locality: Sri Lanka).—Jaasund, 1976: 75, fig. 149.— Banaimoon, 1986: 130.— Jagtap, 1993: table I.

Misapplied names:

Sphaerococcus lambertii.—Suhr, 1834: 728–729 (fide J. Agardh, 1852 [1851–1863]: 641–642).— Drège, 1843: 157 (fide Papenfuss notes).— Krauss, 1846: 210 (fide Papenfuss notes).

Plocamium costatum.—Hohenacker, 1860 [1852–1862]: no. 398 (fide Papenfuss notes).

INDIAN OCEAN DISTRIBUTION: Australia, Comoro Islands, Djibouti, India, Indonesia, Kenya, Laccadive Islands, Madagascar, Mauritius, Nicobar Islands, Oman, Pakistan, Réunion, Seychelles, Somalia, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Tanzania, Yemen.

Note: The synonymy is that proposed by Schmitz (1895a: 168–172) except that we also include Chondrococcus lambertii (Grunow) Schmitz. Desmia ambigua was based on a specimen in the Hooker herbarium (K, now in BM) collected by Wight and bearing the manuscript name Plocamium ambiguum Greville. Desmia ambigua J. Agardh var. pulvinata Harvey (1857a: no. 91), which was cited in the protologue of D. pulvinata J. Agardh, is an invalid name used without a description by Harvey in his Ceylon exsiccata. It was cited by Grunow (1867: 84), again without a description. J. Agardh (1851 [1851–1863]: 300; 1852 [1851–1863]: 642) pointed out that South African records of Fucus lambertii Turner (1815–1819: 96–97, pl. 237) (Callophyllis lambertii (Turner) Kützing (q.v.)) are referable to Desmia (i.e. Portieria), beginning with Suhr's record of Sphaerococcus lambertii (Turner) C. Agardh from Algoa Bay, Cape Province (Suhr, 1834: 728–729). Suhr's collection was made the basis of Desmia lambertii Grunow. Chondrococcus lambertii (Grunow) Schmitz (1895a: 170) is a later homonym of Chondrococcus lambertii (Turner) Kützing (1847a: 23) (Callophyllis lambertii (Turner) Kützing). Papenfuss (notes) designated a lectotype for Sphaerococcus lambertii var. gelatinosus in HBG, which he identified as Chondrococcus hornemannii.

It may be noted that Papenfuss (1940a: 218) recognized C. tripinnatus as a separate species, a treatment supported by ecological data noted by M.A. Pocock on herbarium specimens in UC. The finely branched tripinnata is found at exposed intertidal sites, while the more robust hornemannii grows mostly in the lower intertidal and subtidal zones. However, in a study of material in UC made in 1973, D. Reid Wiseman retained tripinnata within the circumscription of hornemannii. Papenfuss (notes) designated a lectotype in HBG, which he identified as C. hornemannii.


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