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Common (vernacular) names applied to California vascular plants

compiled by Elizabeth Painter

up to date as of May 1, 2016

Common names (also referred to as vernacular names) are applied differently at different times and places by different users. This list is compiled from many sources and is intended to be as comprehensive as possible. It is not intended to indicate which common name is correct or preferred. Please send comments about this page to Elizabeth Painter (

TaxonMirabilis laevis var. retrorsa
Family common name(s)four-o'clock; four o'clock; four-o-clock; four o'clocks; 4-o'clock; 4 o'clock
Genus common name(s)mirabilis; four-o'clock; four o'clock; four-o'-clock; four-o-clock; four o clock; four-oclock; four oclock; fouroclock; 4-o'clock; 4 o'clock; four o'clocks; maravilla
Species common name(s)desert wishbone-bush; desert wishbone bush; desert wishbonebush
Common name(s) generally applied to other taxa or multiple taxaCalifornia wishbone-bush, California wishbone bush are more commonly applied to Mirabilis laevis var. crassifolia (Mirabilis californica); Bigelow's desert four-o'clock, Bigelow's desert four o'clock, Bigelow's four-o'clock, Bigelow four o'clock, Bigelow's wishbone-bush, Bigelow's wishbone bush are more commonly applied to Mirabilis laevis var. villosa (Mirabilis bigelovii); wishbone bush, wishbone-bush, wishbonebush, desert four-o'clock, desert four o'clock, desert four o-clock, desert four-o-clock, desert 4 o'clock, wild four-o'clock, wild four o'clock, wild four-o-clock, American four o'clock are applied to multiple Mirabilis taxa
Synonymy: The Jepson Manual (1993), FNA, PLANTS, etcMirabilis bigelovii A. Gray var. retrorsa (A. Heller) Munz
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