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Common (vernacular) names applied to California vascular plants

compiled by Elizabeth Painter

up to date as of May 1, 2016

Common names (also referred to as vernacular names) are applied differently at different times and places by different users. This list is compiled from many sources and is intended to be as comprehensive as possible. It is not intended to indicate which common name is correct or preferred. Please send comments about this page to Elizabeth Painter (

TaxonPedicularis bracteosa var. flavida
Family common name(s)orobanch; broomrape; broom-rape; broom rape; broom-rapes; ground-cone; ground cone; groundcone
Genus common name(s)pedicularis; lousewort; louse-wort; louse wort
Species common name(s)bracteate pedicularis; bracteate lousewort; bracted pedicularis; bracted lousewort; bracted fern-leaf lousewort; bracted fernleaf lousewort; bracted fernleaf; Canadian bracted lousewort; bracted western lousewort; western lousewort
Common name(s) generally applied to other taxa or multiple taxaCascade lousewort, towering lousewort, fern-leaf lousewort, fern leaf lousewort, fernleaf lousewort, fernleaf pedicularis are applied to multiple Pedicularis taxa; Canadian lousewort is more commonly applied to Pedicularis canadensis; elephant's-head, elephant's head, elephant-head, elephants' heads, elephant-heads, elephant heads are more commonly applied to Pedicularis groenlandica; wood-betony, wood betony, woodbetony, bumble-bee plant, bumble bee plant, bumblebee plant, fernleaf are applied to taxa in multiple families
Common name(s), rejectednot recommended: Indian-warrior, Indian warrior, Indianwarrior
NotesCanadian is a proper name, so upper case preferable
Synonymy: The Jepson Manual (1993), FNA, PLANTS, etcScrophulariaceae s.l.; Pedicularis flavida Pennell
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