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Common (vernacular) names applied to California vascular plants

compiled by Elizabeth Painter

up to date as of May 1, 2016

Common names (also referred to as vernacular names) are applied differently at different times and places by different users. This list is compiled from many sources and is intended to be as comprehensive as possible. It is not intended to indicate which common name is correct or preferred. Please send comments about this page to Elizabeth Painter (

TaxonSolanum parishii
Family common name(s)nightshade; night-shade; night shade; nightshades; potato
Genus common name(s)solanum; nightshade; night-shade; night shade
Species common name(s)Parish's nightshade; Parish's purple nightshade; Parish's horse-nettle; Parish nightshade; Parish purple nightshade; Parish horse-nettle
Common name(s) generally applied to other taxa or multiple taxapurple nightshade is applied to multiple Solanum taxa; buffalo-bur, buffalobur, buffalo bur, buffalo-burr, buffaloburr, buffalo burr, horse-nettle, horse nettle, horsenettle, bittersweet, bitter-sweet are applied to taxa in multiple families
NotesParish is a proper name, so upper case preferable; Parishs is an error
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