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Common (vernacular) names applied to California vascular plants

compiled by Elizabeth Painter

up to date as of May 1, 2016

Common names (also referred to as vernacular names) are applied differently at different times and places by different users. This list is compiled from many sources and is intended to be as comprehensive as possible. It is not intended to indicate which common name is correct or preferred. Please send comments about this page to Elizabeth Painter (

TaxonSolanum elaeagnifolium
Family common name(s)nightshade; night-shade; night shade; nightshades; potato
Genus common name(s)solanum; nightshade; night-shade; night shade
Species common name(s)silver-leaved nightshade; silver leaved nightshade; silver-leaved horsenettle; silver leaved horsenettle; silver-leaved horse-nettle; silver-leaved horse nettle; silver-leaved bull nettle; silver-leaved nettle; silver-leafed nightshade; silver-leafed night-shade; silver leafed night shade; silver-leaf nightshade; silver leaf horse-nettle; silver leaf nightshade; silver-leaf night-shade; silver-leaf night shade; silver leaf night shade; silverleaf nightshade; silver-leaf horsenettle; silver-leaf horse-nettle; silver-leaf horse nettle; silver leaf horse-nettle; silver leaf horse nettle; silverleaf horsenettle; silverleaf nettle; silverleaf-nettle; silverleafnettle; silver-leaf bitter-apple; silver-leaf bitter apple; silverleaf bitter-apple; silverleaf bitter apple; silver nightshade; silver night-shade; silver night shade; white horse-nettle; white horse nettle; white horsenettle; yellow seed night shade; prairie berry
Common name(s) generally applied to other taxa or multiple taxapurple nightshade, blue nightshade, white nightshade, desert nightshade are applied to multiple Solanum taxa; tomato weed is applied to multiple Solanaceae taxa; bitter-apple, bitter apple, horse-nettle, horse nettle, horsenettle, bull-nettle, bull nettle, bullnettle, buffalo-bur, buffalobur, buffalo bur, buffalo-burr, buffaloburr, buffalo burr, bittersweet, bitter-sweet are applied to taxa in multiple families
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