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Common (vernacular) names applied to California vascular plants

compiled by Elizabeth Painter

up to date as of May 1, 2016

Common names (also referred to as vernacular names) are applied differently at different times and places by different users. This list is compiled from many sources and is intended to be as comprehensive as possible. It is not intended to indicate which common name is correct or preferred. Please send comments about this page to Elizabeth Painter (

TaxonModiola caroliniana
Family common name(s)mallow; mallows; cotton
Genus common name(s)modiola; bristle-mallow; bristle mallow; bristlemallow; bristly-mallow; bristly mallow; bristlymallow; bristly-fruited mallow
Species common name(s)Carolina modiola; Carolina bristle-mallow; Carolina bristle mallow; Carolina bristlemallow; Carolina bristly-mallow; Carolina bristly mallow; Carolina bristlymallow; Carolina bristly-fruited mallow; Carolina creeping mallow; Carolina mallow; Carolina red mallow; red-flowered mallow; red flowered mallow; red-flower mallow; red flower mallow; redflower mallow; crimson mallow; wheel mallow; wheel-mallow
Common name(s) generally applied to other taxa or multiple taxared mallow, creeping mallow, orange hibiscus are applied to multiple Malvaceae taxa
NotesCarolina is a proper name, so upper case preferable
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