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Common (vernacular) names applied to California vascular plants

compiled by Elizabeth Painter

up to date as of May 1, 2016

Common names (also referred to as vernacular names) are applied differently at different times and places by different users. This list is compiled from many sources and is intended to be as comprehensive as possible. It is not intended to indicate which common name is correct or preferred. Please send comments about this page to Elizabeth Painter (

TaxonLycium fremontii
Family common name(s)nightshade; night-shade; night shade; nightshades; potato
Genus common name(s)lycium; desert-thorn; desert thorn; desertthorn; salicieso
Species common name(s)Frémont's lycium; Frémont's box-thorn; Frémont's box thorn; Frémont's boxthorn; Frémont's desert-thorn; Frémont's desert thorn; Frémont's desertthorn; Frémont's thornbush; Frémont's thorn-bush; Frémont's thorn bush; Frémont's wolfberry; Fremont's lycium; Fremont's box-thorn; Fremont's box thorn; Fremont's boxthorn; Fremont's desert-thorn; Fremont's desert thorn; Fremont's desertthorn; Fremont's thornbush; Fremont's thorn-bush; Fremont's thorn bush; Fremont's wolfberry; Frémont lycium; Frémont box-thorn; Frémont box thorn; Frémont boxthorn; Frémont desert-thorn; Frémont desert thorn; Frémont desertthorn; Frémont thornbush; Frémont thorn-bush; Frémont thorn bush; Frémont wolfberry; Fremont lycium; Fremont box-thorn; Fremont box thorn; Fremont boxthorn; Fremont desert-thorn; Fremont desert thorn; Fremont desertthorn; Fremont thornbush; Fremont thorn-bush; Fremont thorn bush; Fremont wolfberry
Common name(s) generally applied to other taxa or multiple taxamatrimony-vine, matrimony vine are applied to multiple Solanaceae taxa; box-thorn, box thorn, boxthorn, thorn-bush, thorn bush, thornbush, wolf-berry, wolf berry, wolfberry, tea-tree, tea tree, teatree, tea-vine, tea vine, teavine, false jessamine, bastard jasmine are applied to taxa in multiple families
Common name(s), rejectednot recommended (possibly pejorative or derogatory): squaw-thorn, squaw thorn, squawthorn
NotesFrémont, Fremont are proper names, so upper case preferable; Frémonts, Fremonts, Fremon's are errors
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