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Common (vernacular) names applied to California vascular plants

compiled by Elizabeth Painter

up to date as of May 1, 2016

Common names (also referred to as vernacular names) are applied differently at different times and places by different users. This list is compiled from many sources and is intended to be as comprehensive as possible. It is not intended to indicate which common name is correct or preferred. Please send comments about this page to Elizabeth Painter (

TaxonLemna aequinoctialis
Family common name(s)arum; arums; aroid; philodendron; calla
Genus common name(s)lemna; lenticules; toadspit; toad-spit; toad spit; frog buttons; water-lentil; water lentil; mardling
Species common name(s)three-nerved duckweed
Common name(s) generally applied to other taxa or multiple taxalesser duckweed, lesser duck-weed, lesser duck weed are applied to multiple Lemna taxa; common duckweed, common duck-weed, common duck weed, tropical duckweed are applied to multiple Araceae taxa; duckweed, duck-weed, duck weed are applied to taxa in multiple families
Synonymy: The Jepson Manual (1993), FNA, PLANTS, etcLemnaceae
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