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Common (vernacular) names applied to California vascular plants

compiled by Elizabeth Painter

up to date as of May 1, 2016

Common names (also referred to as vernacular names) are applied differently at different times and places by different users. This list is compiled from many sources and is intended to be as comprehensive as possible. It is not intended to indicate which common name is correct or preferred. Please send comments about this page to Elizabeth Painter (

TaxonMarah macrocarpa
Family common name(s)cucurbit; cucumber; gourd; gourds; squash
Genus common name(s)marah; chilicothe
Species common name(s)Cucamonga man-root; Cucamonga man root; Cucamonga manroot; Cucamonga chilicothe; southern wild-cucumber; southern wild-cucumber; southern wild cucumber
Common name(s) specific to synonym; taxon noted in bracketsbig-fruited man-root [var. macrocarpus]; island man-root []; island wild cucumber [var. major]
Common name(s) generally applied to other taxa or multiple taxaman-root, man root, manroot, old-man-in-the-ground, old man in the ground, man-in-the-ground, man in the ground, bigroot, big-root, big root, wild cucumber, wild-cucumber, chilicote, chili cote are applied to taxa in multiple families
Common name(s), rejectednot recommended: Indian squash
Synonymy: The Jepson Manual (1993), FNA, PLANTS, etcvar. major (Dunn) Stocking; var. macrocarpus; var. micranthus (Dunn) Stocking; Marah guadalupensis (S. Watson) Greene; Echinocystis macrocarpa Greene
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