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Common (vernacular) names applied to California vascular plants

compiled by Elizabeth Painter

up to date as of May 1, 2016

Common names (also referred to as vernacular names) are applied differently at different times and places by different users. This list is compiled from many sources and is intended to be as comprehensive as possible. It is not intended to indicate which common name is correct or preferred. Please send comments about this page to Elizabeth Painter (

TaxonTrifolium pratense
Family common name(s)legume; legumes; leguminosae; pea; bean; clover; pulse; pulses
Genus common name(s)clover; true clover; claver; clower; true trefoil
Species common name(s)common red clover; red Dutch clover; early red clover; short-lived red clover; red honey-suckle clover; red honeysuckle clover; red meadow clover; red meadow trefoil; purple meadow clover; common meadow clover; sweet purple clover; chevron clover; real sweet clover; soukie clover; soukie claver; mail-grass; marl-grass; marl grass; marlgrass; Our Lady's posies
Common name(s) generally applied to other taxa or multiple taxawild clover, common clover, red top clover, Dutch clover, meadow clover, meadow trefoil, perennial clover, cow clover, cow's clover, cows clover, giant clover, purple clover, broad-leaved clover, broad leaved clover, broad-leafed clover, broadleafed clover, broad-leaf clover, broadleaf clover, honeysuckle clover, honeysuckle-clover, honey-suckle clover, mammoth clover, mamoth clover, zig-zag clover, zig zag clover, zigzag clover, purplewort, purple-wort, purple wort are applied to multiple Trifolium taxa; trefoil, meadow trefoil, triphyllon, pea-vine clover, pea vine clover, peavine clover are applied to multiple Fabaceae taxa; red clover, pink clover, pink-clover, curly doddies, bee-bread, bee bread, beebread, bee's bread, shamrock, true shamrock, cow-grass, cow grass, cowgrass, three-leaved grass, three leaved grass, three-leaf grass, claver-grass, claver grass, cleaver-grass, cleaver grass, cleavergrass are applied to taxa in multiple families
NotesDutch is a proper name, so upper case preferable
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