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Common (vernacular) names applied to California vascular plants

compiled by Elizabeth Painter

up to date as of May 1, 2016

Common names (also referred to as vernacular names) are applied differently at different times and places by different users. This list is compiled from many sources and is intended to be as comprehensive as possible. It is not intended to indicate which common name is correct or preferred. Please send comments about this page to Elizabeth Painter (

TaxonSolanum sisymbriifolium
Family common name(s)nightshade; night-shade; night shade; nightshades; potato
Genus common name(s)solanum; nightshade; night-shade; night shade
Species common name(s)sisymbrium-leaf nightshade; sisymbrium leaf nightshade; rocket-leaved nightshade; sticky nightshade; dense-thorned bitter-apple; dense-thorned bitter apple; dense thorned bitter apple; dense-thorned bitterapple; dense-thorn bitter-apple; dense-thorn bitter apple; dense thorn bitter apple; thorned bitter apple; red buffalo-bur; red buffalo bur
Common name(s) generally applied to other taxa or multiple taxaviscid nightshade, spiny nightshade, spiny-nightshade are applied to multiple Solanum taxa; wild tomato is applied to multiple Solanaceae taxa; bitter-apple, bitter apple, buffalo-bur, buffalobur, buffalo bur, buffalo-burr, buffaloburr, buffalo burr, horse-nettle, horse nettle, horsenettle, bittersweet, bitter-sweet are applied to taxa in multiple families
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