Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    
 

The Jepson Manual: Higher Plants of California

    THIS PAGE IS NO LONGER UPDATED
    AND IS MAINTAINED FOR ARCHIVAL PURPOSES ONLY
  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.

Names are linked to treatments from the Manual


Key to FRITILLARIA

N.B.: couplets are linked, e.g., 1. is linked to 1'.

  1. Style entire or branches < 1.5 mm; perianth never scarlet
 
    2. Perianth either < 20 mm or yellow to orange
 
      3. Leaves whorled; perianth pinkish to purplish; s Sierra Nevada, Tehachapi Mountain Area
F. brandegeei
      3' Leaves ± opposite to scattered; perianth yellow to orange; n California
F. pudica
    2' Perianth > 20 mm, not yellow to orange
 
      4. Perianth segments pinkish purple, obovate, tips rounded to acute, not recurved; flowers not noticeably scented; Inner North Coast Ranges, n Sierra Nevada Foothills
F. pluriflora
      4' Perianth segments white to pink, oblanceolate, tips acute to short-tapered, generally recurved; flowers fragrant; s Sierra Nevada Foothills
F. striata
  1' Style branches obvious, > 1.5 mm; perianth sometimes scarlet
 
    5. Perianth scarlet, clearly mottled, tips generally recurved
F. recurva
    5' Perianth not both scarlet and mottled, tips generally not recurved (sometimes slightly recurved in F. eastwoodiae)
 
      6. Leaves > 10 or in whorls of 3–6 on lower stem, not sickle-shaped
 
        7. Flowers ± erect; upper leaves generally < 1/2 lowest leaf; leaves often > inflorescence; c High Sierra Nevada (Mono Co.), Tehachapi Mountain Area, Transverse Ranges
2 F. pinetorum
        7' Flowers nodding; upper leaves generally ± = lowest leaf; leaves generally < inflorescence; more widespread
 
          8. Perianth purplish brown, spotted yellow or white; leaves 2–3 per node; 1000–3200 m, especially inland mtns
2 F. atropurpurea
          8' Perianth nearly black, purplish, greenish white, greenish yellow, or red; leaves generally > 3 per node; 200– 1800 m, especially coastal mtns
 
            9. Perianth dull greenish yellow, dark-dotted; nectary widely elliptic to ± diamond-shaped, paler than rest of perianth segment; Outer South Coast Ranges, Western Transverse Ranges
F. ojaiensis
            9' Perianth greenish white, pale green to red, or almost black, mottled in some (especially F. affinis var. a.); nectary lanceolate or narrower; Northwestern California, Cascade Range, Sierra Nevada, Central Western California
 
              10. Perianth pale green to almost black, not mottled; nectary ± 1/2 perianth length, green; small bulb scales 0–4; South Coast Ranges
F. viridea
              10' Perianth greenish white or greenish yellow to red or purplish, sometimes mottled; nectary < 1/2 perianth length, color various; small bulb scales generally > 10 (sometimes < 10 in F. a. var. affinis); Northwestern California, Cascade Range, Sierra Nevada, Central Western California
 
                11. Perianth generally > 2 cm, generally clearly purple-mottled — Northwestern California, Cascade Range, n Sierra Nevada Foothills, Central Coast, San Francisco Bay Area
F. affinis
                  12. Perianth clearly mottled; small bulb scales generally 2–20; Klamath Ranges, North Coast Ranges, Cascade Range, n Sierra Nevada Foothills, San Francisco Bay Area
var. affinis
                  12' Perianth scarcely mottled; small bulb scales > 50; North Coast, Central Coast
var. tristulis
                11' Perianth generally < 2 cm, not (or faintly) mottled
 
                  13. Style branches barely recurved; perianth greenish yellow to red, tips generally recurved (or flared); nectaries green, gold, or yellow; Cascade Range
F. eastwoodiae
                  13' Style branches distinctly recurved; perianth parts purplish to greenish white, tips not flared or recurved; nectary greenish, dotted purple; Sierra Nevada
F. micrantha
      6' Leaves < 10 or alternate (sometimes crowded), sometimes sickle-shaped
 
        14. Perianth clearly mottled; small bulb scales generally > 10 (except F. purdyi)
 
          15. Leaves sickle-shaped; flowers erect; San Francisco Bay Area, Inner South Coast Ranges
F. falcata
          15' Leaves generally not sickle-shaped; flowers nodding or horizontal; not San Francisco Bay Area or Inner South Coast Ranges
 
            16. Leaves 2–10, ovate, some sometimes sickle-shaped; perianth white, spotted purple; small bulb scales 0–3
F. purdyi
            16' Leaves generally > 4, not sickle-shaped, perianth purplish brown, spotted yellow and white; small bulb scales 45–50
 
              17. Flowers nodding; upper leaves slightly < or = lowest cauline leaf; cauline leaves generally < inflorescence; Klamath Ranges, Cascade Range, Sierra Nevada
2 F. atropurpurea
              17' Flowers ± erect; upper leaves generally < 1/2 lowest cauline leaf; leaves > inflorescence; c High Sierra Nevada (Mono Co.), Tehachapi Mountain Area, Transverse Ranges
2 F. pinetorum
        14' Perianth not clearly mottled; small bulb scales < 10
 
          18. Leaves 2–4, sickle-shaped
F. glauca
          18' Leaves generally > 4, not sickle-shaped
 
            19. Nectaries obscure (narrow band 1/2–2/3 perianth length); perianth white, striped green, odorless or faintly fragrant; coastal valleys
F. liliacea
            19' Nectaries prominent (narrow band 2/3 to = perianth); perianth brown, purplish brown, or greenish purple at least inside; inland valleys and hills
 
              20. Perianth greenish white or yellow outside, purplish brown inside; flower odor definitely unpleasant; generally in clay depressions
F. agrestis
              20' Perianth dark brown to greenish purple or yellowish green; flowers odorless (except var. ineziana); generally on hillsides, mesas
F. biflora
                21. Leaves widely lanceolate to oblanceolate
var. biflora
                21' Leaves linear to narrowly lanceolate
var. ineziana


Comments or questions on page
University & Jepson Herbaria Home Page |
General Information | University Herbarium | Jepson Herbarium |
Visiting the Herbaria | On-line Resources | Research |
Education | Related Sites |

Copyright by the Regents of the University of California