Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange for California Floristics    
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Wigandia urens (Ruiz & Pav.) Kunth var. caracasana (Kunth) D.N. Gibson
NAMACEAE (as of Revision 9, genus transferred from Boraginaceae; genus previously included in Hydrophyllaceae)

Information from the Index of California Plant Names (ICPN)
Initial Editorial Analysis 16 Dec 2014
Notes on Authorship of Name all = Authors of Plant Names
Source of Report for California  
a Munz, P.A. 1974. A Flora of Southern California. Univ. of California Press, Berkeley, as cited in Kartesz & Meacham
b [for Wigandia caracasana Kunth] Hrusa et al., Madrono 49(2)61-98. 2002: DIST: SCo: Hrusa et al. Current Status: No current information: DOC: Munz, P.A. (1974, pg. 519): NOTES: No evidence for naturalization. Labeled specimens at CDA collected in the locations cited by Munz (1974), state that the plants were cultivated but without mention of spread from root-sprouts or other persistence mechanisms. Because this plant has an extensive root system it is a likely candidate to remain persistent from cultivation and spread locally.
Initial Editorial Comments in no way mentioned in Munz or Munz Supplement (despite Kartesz & Meacham citation); Wigandia caracasana var. macrophylla, indicated in Munz Southern California Flora as occasionally escaped from cult. esp. in Santa Barbara region, listed as synonym of Wigandia urens var. caracasana in Kartesz & Meacham; according to Source b, status uncertain (20 Feb 2003)
Correspondence and Comments Subsequent to Initial Analysis
Correspondence 1 Treatment and author notes submitted since The Jepson Manual [Ed. 2] by Genevieve K. Walden see Comment 1
Editorial Comments 1 Correspondence 1 indicates that since The Jepson Manual [Ed. 2] Wigandia urens (Ruiz & Pav.) Kunth is to be recognized, without infraspecific taxa, and treated as naturalized in CA, with Wigandia caracasana Kunth and Wigandia urens (Ruiz & Pav.) Kunth var. caracasana (Kunth) D.N. Gibson, among others, as syns.
Editorial Summary and Current Status
Editorial Summary rejection, to be treated as syn
Current Status JFP-2a, taxonomic or nomenclatural synonym for taxon naturalized in CA
Current Name Wigandia urens (Ruiz & Pav.) Kunth
Current Status Authority Jepson Flora Project
Current Status Date 16 Dec 2014
List of names for this Current Status category
List of ICPN names in Wigandia urens
List of names from ICPN, Hrusa's Crosswalk, and Jepson Flora in Wigandia

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·Distribution maps: County distribution based on CCH specimens
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