Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange for California Floristics    
Hydrophyllum capitatum Douglas ex Benth.
HYDROPHYLLACEAE (as of Revision 9, genus transferred from Boraginaceae; genus previously included in Hydrophyllaceae)
Initial Editorial Analysis 16 Dec 2014
Notes on Authorship of Name both = Authors of Plant Names
Source of Report for California Kartesz & Meacham
Initial Editorial Comments Hydrophyllum capitatum var. alpinum, only, treated in The Jepson Manual [Ed. 1]; author citation uncertain, Douglas ex Benth. in Kartesz & Meacham
Editorial Recommendation author citation to be checked [resolved]
Correspondence and Comments Subsequent to Initial Analysis
Correspondence 1 9 Feb 2007 e-mail from Jeff Greenhouse see Comment 1
Editorial Comments 1 Correspondence 1 indicates that George Bentham (Benth. in Authors of Plant Names) published Hydrophyllum capitatum in Transactions of the Linnean Society of London 17:273 (1835), wherein Bentham ascribed the name to "Dougl. MSS." but supplied his own description. [Therefore, author citation corrected to Hydrophyllum capitatum Douglas ex Benth., from Hydrophyllum capitatum Douglas previously in this Index, 21 Feb 2007.]
Correspondence 2 Treatment and author notes submitted since The Jepson Manual [Ed. 2] by Genevieve K. Walden see Comment 2
Editorial Comments 2 Correspondence 2 indicates that since The Jepson Manual [Ed. 2] Hydrophyllum capitatum Douglas ex Benth. var. alpinum S. Watson (1871) is to be recognized as a species, at which rank the name Hydrophyllum alpestre A. Nelson & P. B. Kenn. (1908) is correct, because Hydrophyllum alpinum (S. Watson) Greene ex Brand (1913) was published in synonymy and therefore is not validly published. [It is also true that, at the rank of species, Hydrophyllum alpestre A. Nelson & P. B. Kenn., published in 1908, has priority over Hydrophyllum alpinum (S. Watson) Greene ex Brand, published in 1913, even though the latter was based on Hydrophyllum capitatum Douglas ex Benth. var. alpinum S. Watson, published in 1871, because, according to ICBN (Melbourne Code), Art. 11.2, "A name has no priority outside the rank in which it is published". In publishing Hydrophyllum alpestre A. Nelson & P. B. Kenn., the authors commented that "The name _alpinum_ is preoccupied in this genus." This wording usually applies to entities that authors believe represent other taxa, but the only "alpinums" listed in Hydrophyllum in International Plant Names Index do not represent other taxa: Hydrophyllum capitatum Douglas ex Benth. var. alpinum S. Watson (1871), which existed at the time the comment was published (in 1908), and Hydrophyllum alpinum (S. Watson) Greene ex Brand (1913), which did not. Whatever the case, the comment may help explain why "alpinum" was not used for the species by A. Nelson & P. B. Kenn..]
Editorial Summary and Current Status
Editorial Summary rejection, excluded by recircumscription
Current Status JFP-8, accepted name for taxon not occurring in CA (erroneous reports, misapplication of names, misidentifications, other exclusions)
Current Status Authority Jepson Flora Project
Current Status Date 16 Dec 2014
List of names for this Current Status category
List of ICPN names in Hydrophyllum
List of names from ICPN, Hrusa's Crosswalk, and Jepson Flora in Hydrophyllum

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