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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
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James P. Smith, Jr., except as specified

Annual to bamboo-like; roots generally fibrous
Stem generally round, hollow; nodes swollen, solid
Leaves alternate, 2-ranked, generally linear; sheath generally open; ligule membranous or hairy, at blade base
Inflorescence various (of generally many spikelets)
Spikelet: glumes generally 2; florets (lemma, palea, flower) 1–many; lemma generally membranous, sometimes glume-like; palea generally ± transparent, ± enclosed by lemma
Flower generally bisexual, minute; stamens generally 3; stigmas generally 2, generally plumose
Fruit: achene-like grain
Genera in family: 650–900 genera; ± 10,000 species: worldwide; greatest economic importance of any family (wheat, rice, maize, millet, sorghum, sugar cane, forage crops, ornamental, weeds; thatching, weaving, building materials)
Reference: [Hitchcock 1951 Manual grasses US, USDA Misc Publ 200; Clayton & Renvoise 1986 Kew Bull Add Series 13]
See Glossary p. 26 for illustrations of general family characteristics. Generally wind-pollinated.



John R. Reeder

Annual, perennial herb, often glandular; glands often wart-like, circular, pitted
Leaf: sheath margin hairy on sides just below collar; ligules ciliate
Inflorescence generally panicle-like, open or dense, sometimes spike-like, often glandular
Spikelet laterally compressed; glumes ± unequal, acute or acuminate, 1(3)-veined; florets 3–many, axis breaking above glumes and between florets (or persistent with glumes and lemmas deciduous, paleas remaining attached or not); lemma keeled or rounded, acute or obtuse, 3-veined, veins generally obvious; palea ± = lemma
Fruit lens-shaped or elliptic, sometimes grooved, generally red-brown
Species in genus: ± 300 species: tropical, warm temp
Etymology: (Greek: eros, love, agrostis, a kind of grass)
Reference: [Koch 1974 Ill Biol Monogr 48:1–74]


E. lehmanniana Nees


Perennial, glabrous
Stems decumbent to erect, often abruptly bent at lower nodes, often stolon-like, branched, 3–6 dm; nodes glabrous
Leaf: sheaths generally < internodes, glabrous or sparsely hairy near collar; ligule ± 0.5 mm; blade (5)8–15 cm, 1–3 mm wide, flat to inrolled, tapered to a rigid point
Inflorescence 6–20 cm, < 10 cm wide, open; lower branches loosely spreading
Spikelet 4–8 mm, ± 1 mm wide; glumes unequal, lower ± 1 mm, acute, upper 1–2 mm, obtuse; axis breaking apart tardily; florets 6–10, linear, gray-green; lemmas membranous, obtuse, lowest floret lemma ± 1.5 mm; anthers ± 0.8 mm
Fruit 0.6–0.8 mm, oblong, pale; embryo ± 1/2 fruit length, dark brown or black
Chromosomes: 2n=40,60
Ecology: Roadsides
Elevation: < 1000 m.
Bioregional distribution: South Coast, Mojave Desert
Distribution outside California: to Texas, n Mexico; native to s Africa
Cult for erosion control.

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