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Jepson Interchange (more information)
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Annual or perennial herb, generally fleshy
Stems generally glabrous
Leaves simple, alternate or opposite, sometimes stipuled
Inflorescence various
Flower bisexual, radial; sepals generally 2(–8), free or fused at base; petals 3–18, free or ± fused; stamens 1–many, free or inserted on corolla; ovary superior or partly inferior, chamber 1, placenta free-central or basal; styles 2–8, generally fused at base
Fruit: capsule, circumscissile or 2–3-valved
Seeds 1–many, generally black, generally shiny
Genera in family: ± 20 genera, ± 400 species: generally temp Am, Australia, s Africa; some cultivated (Lewisia, Portulaca, Calandrinia )
Reference: [Bogle 1969 J Arnold Arbor 50:566–598]
Family description and key to genera by Dieter H. Wilken & Walter A. Kelley.


Walter A. Kelley

Annual, perennial herb, ± fleshy, glabrous or glaucous
Stems several–many, prostrate to erect, 3–45 cm
Leaves simple, alternate; blade linear to spoon-shaped, cylindric or flat
Inflorescence: raceme or panicle; bracts scarious or leaf-like
Flower: sepals 2, overlapping, persistent in fruit; petals 3–7, generally 5, red or white; stamens 3–15; style 3-branched
Fruit: capsule, 3-valved from tip
Seeds many, ovate to ± elliptic, generally black, smooth, finely tuberculate, or with a fine, net-like pattern, short-hairy or not
Species in genus: 150 species: w Am, Australia
Etymology: (J.L. Calandrini, Switzerland, born 1703)
Reference: [Kelley 1973 MS Thesis, CA State Univ, Northridge]


C. ciliata (Ruiz & Pav.) DC.


Annual, ± glabrous
Stem spreading
Leaf 1–10 cm, linear to oblanceolate, flat
Inflorescence: raceme, elongate; bracts leaf-like; pedicels 4–25 mm, generally straight in fruit
Flower: sepals 2.5–8 mm, glabrous to ciliate; petals generally 5, 4–15 mm, red; stamens 3–15
Fruit not > calyx by 3 mm or more
Seeds 10–20, 1–2.5 mm wide, elliptic, at 10X shiny black, at 30X black, glabrous, with a very fine, net-like pattern
Chromosomes: 2n=24
Ecology: Common. Sandy to loamy soil, grassy areas, cultivated fields
Elevation: < 2200 m.
Bioregional distribution: California Floristic Province, w Modoc Plateau, s East of Sierra Nevada, n Desert Mountains (Coso Range)
Distribution outside California: to New Mexico, C.America; also in nw S.America
Flowering time: Mostly Feb–May
Synonyms: var. menziesii (Hook.) J.F. Macbr.; C. micrantha Schldl
Variable vegetatively; uniform in flower, fruit, and seed
Horticultural information: SUN: 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24 &IRR: 1, 2, 3, 10, 11, 12, 13.

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