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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
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David J. Keil, Family Editor and author, except as specified

Annual to tree
Leaves basal or cauline, alternate to whorled, simple to compound
Inflorescence: 1° inflorescence a head, each resembling a flower, 1–many, generally arrayed in cymes, generally subtended by ± calyx-like involucre; flowers 1–many per head
Flowers bisexual, unisexual, or sterile, ± small, of several types; calyx 0 or modified into pappus of bristles, scales, or awns, which is generally persistent in fruit; corolla radial or bilateral (rarely 0), lobes generally (0)4–5; stamens 4–5, anthers generally fused into cylinder around style, often appendaged at tips, bases, or both, filaments generally free, generally attached to corolla near throat; pistil 1, ovary inferior, 1-chambered, 1-seeded, style 1, branches 2, generally hair-tufted at tip, stigmas 2, generally on inside of style branches
Fruit: achene, cylindric to ovoid, generally deciduous with pappus attached
Genera in family: ± 1300 genera, 21,000 species (largest family of dicots): worldwide. Largest family in CA. Also see tribal key to CA genera: Strother 1997 Madroño 44(1):1–28. See glossary p. 25 for illustrations of general family characteristics.



Theodore M. Barkley

Annual to tree-like, generally ± loosely hairy, becoming ± subglabrous; roots generally fibrous, branched
Stems generally 1–few per rosette
Leaves alternate; lower generally petioled; middle generally weakly clasping; uppermost generally bract-like
Inflorescence often ± flat-topped; heads radiate or discoid, 1–many; involucre cylindric to hemispheric; main phyllaries in 1 equal series (often subtended by few, much-reduced outer phyllaries)
Ray flowers 0–13; ligules generally yellow to orange
Disk flowers generally < 40; corolla generally ± yellow; style tips truncate to obtuse, generally hair-tufted
Fruit cylindric; ribs shallow, often stiff-hairy; pappus of thin, minutely barbed deciduous bristles ± = fruit body
Species in genus: ± 1500 species: worldwide; some cultivated, some of unusual form
Recent taxonomic note: *For revised taxonomy of Senecio, see Barkley 1999 Sida 18(3):661–672.
Etymology: (Latin: old man, from white pappus)
Reference: [Barkley 1978 North America Flora II 10:50–139]
Among largest genera of flowering plants.


S. macounii Greene


Perennial 3–5 dm, from caudex
Leaves: basal blades 3–7 cm, < petiole, ± lanceolate, entire or shallowly few-toothed, often weakly rolled under
Inflorescence: heads radiate, 6–20; main phyllaries ± 13, sometimes 21, 5–7 mm, tips green
Ray flowers 8; ligules 8–10 mm
Disk flowers < 40
Fruit glabrous
Chromosomes: 2n=46,±92
Ecology: Rocky, disturbed streamsides, roadsides, clearings in coniferous forest
Elevation: 400–900 m.
Bioregional distribution: nw Klamath Ranges (Del Norte Co.)
Distribution outside California: to British Columbia
Intergrades with S. canus in OR
Synonyms: S. ligulifolius Greene
Recent taxonomic note: *Packera macounii (Greene) W.A. Weber & Á. Löve

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