TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993) previous taxon | next taxon
Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
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Annual to tree
Leaves generally compound, alternate, stipuled; leaflets generally entire
Inflorescence: generally raceme, spike, umbel or head; flowers sometime 1–2 in axils
Flowers generally bisexual, generally bilateral; hypanthium generally flat or cup-like; sepals generally 5, fused; petals generally 5, free, or the 2 lower ± fused; stamens 1–many, often 10 with 9 filaments at least partly fused, 1 (uppermost) free; pistil 1, ovary superior, generally 1-chambered, ovules 1–many, style, stigma 1
Fruit: legume, sometimes including a stalk-like base above receptacle, dehiscent, or indehiscent and breaking into 1-seeded segments, or indehiscent, 1-seeded, and achene-like
Seeds 1–several, often ± reniform, generally hard, smooth
Genera in family: ± 650 genera, 18,000 species: worldwide; with grasses, requisite in agriculture and most natural ecosystems. Many cultivated, most importantly Arachis , peanut; Glycine , soybean; Phaseolus , beans; Medicago ; Trifolium ; and many orns
Reference: [Polhill & Raven (eds) 1981 Advances in legume systematics; Allen & Allen 1981 Leguminosae]
Family description and key to genera by Duane Isely.


Elizabeth McClintock

Tree, shrub, armed or unarmed
Leaves even-2-pinnate or, if simple, true blades 0, petioles and midribs blade-like (comprising phyllodia), generally alternate, generally evergreen; axes with prominent raised glands or not
Inflorescence: heads, spheric, generally axillary, these solitary or in racemes or panicles, or flowers in spikes
Flower radial; sepals, petals inconspicuous; stamens many, conspicuous, exserted, free
Fruit generally dehiscent, sometimes tardily so, flat or ± cylindric
Species in genus: ± 1200 species: tropical, subtropical, especially Australia
Etymology: (Greek: sharp point)
Reference: [Whibley 1980 Acacias of South Australia; Clarke et al. 1989 Systematic Botany 14:549–564]
Australian species cultivated, sometimes naturalized and spreading in CA (seed arilled, stalk often elongated, encircing seed or not).


A. farnesiana (L.) Willd. var. farnesiana


Shrub < 3 m; stipular spines straight, becoming white in age
Stem: twig ± ridged, hairy
Leaves generally 2-pinnate, deciduous; 1° leaflets 2–5 pairs, 0.5–2.5 cm; 2° leaflets 8–25 pairs, ± overlapped, 2–5 mm, oblong
Inflorescence: heads generally 1–3 per axil, generally < leaf
Flower golden yellow to dull orange
Fruit indehiscent, 7–15 cm, ± curved, ± plump, ± narrowed between seeds, very hard when dry, brown
Seeds embedded in pulp; stalk 0
Ecology: Dry slopes in chaparral
Elevation: < 300 m.
Bioregional distribution: South Coast (s San Diego Co.)
Distribution outside California: native from w Florida to s Texas, s Arizona, Mexico, tropical America, alien worldwide, often a troublesome weed
Synonyms: A. minuta (M.E. Jones) Beauch. coastal scrub acacia, misapplied
Cult in s Eur for flower oils used in perfumes.

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bioregional map for ACACIA%20farnesiana%20var.%20farnesiana being generated

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