|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
AND IS MAINTAINED FOR ARCHIVAL PURPOSES ONLY
Perennial, shrub, tree, glabrous or hairy
Stem often forked
Leaves opposite, sessile or petioled, pairs generally unequal; blade generally entire
Inflorescence generally forked; of spikes, clusters, or umbels, each unit sometimes with a calyx-like involucre
Flower bisexual, radial; perianth of 1 whorl, petal-like, bell- to trumpet-shaped, base hardened, tightly surrounding ovary in fruit, lobes 45, generally notched to ± bilateral; stamens 1many; ovary superior (appearing inferior because of hardened perianth base), style 1
Fruit: achene or nut, smooth, wrinkled, or ribbed
Genera in family: 30 genera, 300 species: warm regions, especially Am; some ornamental (Bougainvillea ; Mirabilis , four o'clock).
Annual, perennial herb, generally glandular
Stem prostrate to ascending, generally ± red
Leaf generally fleshy, petioled
Inflorescence: head or umbel; flowers opening together or outer first; receptacle conic, ± smooth
Flower: perianth salverform to trumpet-shaped, generally fragrant, lobes 45; stamens 45, included; stigma linear, included
Fruit: body fusiform; lobe-like wings (0)25 (if present, prominent, opaque, thick, not continuous above fruit body)
Species in genus: 25 species: w North America
Etymology: (Greek: graceful)
[Galloway 1975 Brittonia 27:328347] Closely related to Tripterocalyx.
Perennial, densely glandular-hairy; roots spreadingSee the CNPS Inventory for information about endangerment and rarity.
Stem prostrate, < 2 m; branches short, erect, forming thick horizontal mat
Leaf: petiole 530 mm; blade 57 cm, thick, broadly elliptic or oblong
Inflorescence: peduncle 310 cm; bracts 711 mm, lanceolate or narrowly ovate; flowers 1018
Flower: perianth tube 610 mm, limb 710 mm wide, deep wine-red
Fruit 1014 mm, glandular-hairy near top, with 5 thick wings angled at top, tapered to base, coarsely net-veined
Ecology: Coastal dunes
Elevation: < 100 m.
Bioregional distribution: s Central Coast, South Coast
Distribution outside California: Baja California
Hybridizes with A. latifolia, A. umbellata.
Horticultural information: sand, DRN, DRY, SUN: 17, 24.