Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

link to manual TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993) previous taxon | next taxon
Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California

  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.



Dale W. McNeal, except as specified

Perennial to trees, from membranous bulb, fibrous corm, scaly rhizome, or erect caudex
Stem generally underground
Leaves generally basal, often withering early, alternate, generally ± linear
Inflorescence various, generally bracted
Flower generally bisexual, generally radial; perianth often showy, segments generally 6 in two petal-like whorls (outer sometimes sepal-like), free or fused at base; stamens 6 (or 3 + generally 3 ± petal-like staminodes), filaments sometimes attached to perianth or fused into a tube or crown; ovary superior or inferior, chambers 3, placentas generally axile, style generally 1, stigmas generally 3
Fruit: generally capsule, loculicidal or septicidal (berry or nut)
Genera in family: ± 300 genera, 4600 species: especially ± dry temp and subtropical; many cultivated for ornamental or food; some TOXIC. Here includes genera sometimes treated in Agavaceae, Amaryllidaceae, and other families.



Perennial; rhizome creeping
Stem erect, scaly below, leafy above
Leaves alternate, > 5
Inflorescence: panicle or raceme, terminal
Flower small; perianth parts 6, petal-like, white; stamens 6, attached to perianth; ovary superior, chambers 3, style 1, stigma ± 3-lobed
Fruit: berry
Seeds 1–3
Species in genus: ± 25 species: n temp
Etymology: (Greek: little smilax)
CA species sometimes considered part of Maianthemum.


S. racemosa (L.) Link

Rhizome thick
Stem 30–90 cm, glabrous to finely hairy above
Leaf 7–20 cm, ovate to oblong-elliptic, acute to acuminate, glabrous to finely hairy below, (sub)-sessile; bases ± clasping
Inflorescence: panicle, 5–12 cm; flowers > 20
Flower 1–2 mm; perianth parts ± erect, narrowly oblong; stamens > perianth
Fruit 5–7 mm, spheric, red, dotted purple
Seed black
Chromosomes: n=±18
Ecology: Moist woodlands, streambanks, open woodlands
Elevation: < 2000 m.
Bioregional distribution: Northwestern California, Cascade Range, Sierra Nevada, Central Western California, Transverse Ranges
Distribution outside California: to Alaska, e N.America
Synonyms: var. amplexicaulis (Nutt.) S. Watson; var. glabra J.F. Macbr
Horticultural information: DRN, almost DRY when dormant: 4 &SHD: 5, 6, 17 &IRR: 1, 2, 7, 8, 9, 14, 15, 16, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24.

previous taxon | next taxon
bioregional map for SMILACINA%20racemosa being generated

Retrieve Jepson Interchange Index to Plant Names entry for Smilacina racemosa
Retrieve dichotomous key for Smilacina
Overlay Consortium of California Herbaria specimen data by county on this map
Show other taxa with the same California distribution | Read about bioregions | Get lists of plants in a bioregion
Return to the Jepson Interchange main page
Return to treatment index page

University & Jepson Herbaria Home Page |
General Information | University Herbarium | Jepson Herbarium |
Visiting the Herbaria | On-line Resources | Research |
Education | Related Sites
Copyright © by the Regents of the University of California