Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California

  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.



Dale W. McNeal, except as specified

Perennial to trees, from membranous bulb, fibrous corm, scaly rhizome, or erect caudex
Stem generally underground
Leaves generally basal, often withering early, alternate, generally ± linear
Inflorescence various, generally bracted
Flower generally bisexual, generally radial; perianth often showy, segments generally 6 in two petal-like whorls (outer sometimes sepal-like), free or fused at base; stamens 6 (or 3 + generally 3 ± petal-like staminodes), filaments sometimes attached to perianth or fused into a tube or crown; ovary superior or inferior, chambers 3, placentas generally axile, style generally 1, stigmas generally 3
Fruit: generally capsule, loculicidal or septicidal (berry or nut)
Genera in family: ± 300 genera, 4600 species: especially ± dry temp and subtropical; many cultivated for ornamental or food; some TOXIC. Here includes genera sometimes treated in Agavaceae, Amaryllidaceae, and other families.



Mark W. Skinner

Perennial from bulb-like, scaly rhizomes (called bulbs), generally not clonal, ± glabrous
Stem erect
Leaves ± whorled (often some scattered), sessile, generally ± elliptic; veins generally 3; stipule 0
Inflorescence: flowers axillary, 1–40+; bracts generally 2 per flower
Flower generally radial, generally bell- or trumpet-shaped; perianth segments 6 in 2 petal-like whorls, outer generally ± clawed, generally red-purple-spotted on inner base; stamens 6, anthers attached near middle (measures are after dehiscence); style 1, stigma 3-lobed
Fruit: capsule, erect, generally ± smooth, loculicidal
Seeds many, flat, in 6 stacks
Species in genus: ± 90 species: n temp, tropical mtns of e Asia
Etymology: (Greek: lily)
Reference: [Skinner 1988 PhD Harvard Univ]
Variable; hybridization common. Many species declining from habitat destruction and collecting; few thrive in gardens. Generally flowers May to Aug.


L. humboldtii Roezl & Leichtlin

Plant < 3 m; bulb erect, oblique, or ± ovoid, longest scales 3–12 cm, segmented or not
Stem sometimes brown-purple
Leaves in 4–9 whorls, generally ascending, 4–15 cm, generally ± oblanceolate; margin generally wavy
Inflorescence: flowers 1–40, pendent
Flower ± widely bell-shaped, not fragrant; perianth segments 5–10 cm, 75% strongly recurved, orange or yellow, inner surface ridged basally; stamens >> perianth, filaments spreading, anthers 11–19 mm, purple, pollen red-brown to tan-yellow; pistil 4.5–7 cm
Fruit 2–6 cm, 1.8–3.5 cm diam, ribbed
Ecology: Yellow-pine forest
Elevation: < 1800 m.
Bioregional distribution: s High Cascade Range, High Sierra Nevada, s Outer South Coast Ranges, Southwestern California.Declining.


subsp. ocellatum (Kellogg) Thorne


Bulb scales obscurely (0)2–5–segmented, often purple at tip
Flower: perianth yellow or light orange, spots margined lighter red (toward tip larger, with wider margins); pollen ± tan or tan-yellow
Ecology: UNCOMMON. Yellow-pine forest and openings, oak canyons
Elevation: < 1800 m.
Bioregional distribution: s Outer South Coast Ranges, Southwestern California
Synonyms: var. o. (Kellogg) Elwes; var. bloomerianum (Kellogg) Jeps
Horticultural information: DRN, DRY mid summer, SHD: 7, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24; DFCLT.
See the CNPS Inventory for information about endangerment and rarity.
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bioregional map for LILIUM%20humboldtii%20subsp.%20ocellatum being generated

Retrieve Jepson Interchange Index to Plant Names entry for Lilium humboldtii subsp. ocellatum
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