Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California

  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.



Dale W. McNeal, except as specified

Perennial to trees, from membranous bulb, fibrous corm, scaly rhizome, or erect caudex
Stem generally underground
Leaves generally basal, often withering early, alternate, generally ± linear
Inflorescence various, generally bracted
Flower generally bisexual, generally radial; perianth often showy, segments generally 6 in two petal-like whorls (outer sometimes sepal-like), free or fused at base; stamens 6 (or 3 + generally 3 ± petal-like staminodes), filaments sometimes attached to perianth or fused into a tube or crown; ovary superior or inferior, chambers 3, placentas generally axile, style generally 1, stigmas generally 3
Fruit: generally capsule, loculicidal or septicidal (berry or nut)
Genera in family: ± 300 genera, 4600 species: especially ± dry temp and subtropical; many cultivated for ornamental or food; some TOXIC. Here includes genera sometimes treated in Agavaceae, Amaryllidaceae, and other families.


Glenn Keator

Perennial from subspheric, dark-brown-fibrous-coated corm with daughter corms
Leaves basal, generally 3–5, linear (generally crescent-shaped in X -section), entire, glabrous
Inflorescence umbel-like, scapose, open (pedicels > flowers); axis slender, straight, cylindric; bracts scarious
Flower erect; perianth outer surface shiny, tube narrowly bell- to funnel-shaped, lobes 6 in 2 petal-like whorls, inner wider; staminodes (0)3, generally much unlike stamens, often ± inrolled as seen from above; stamens 3, epipetalous, opposite inner perianth, ± = style, anthers attached at base; style 1, stigma with 3 decurrent wings
Fruit: capsule, sessile, ovoid, loculidical
Seeds black, lined
Species in genus: 13 species: coastal w US, especially n CA
Etymology: (Brodie, Scottish plantsman)
Reference: [Niehaus 1971 Univ Calif Publ Bot 60:1–66]


B. terrestris Kellogg

Inflorescence: axis 0.5–20 cm; pedicels 1–15 cm
Flower: perianth blue-violet, tube 6–13 mm, narrowly bell-shaped (opaque, not splitting in fruit), lobes ascending, 10–20 mm, tips recurved; staminodes leaning inward slightly but held away from stamens, 4–5 mm, violet to whitish, margin inrolled 1/4, tip slightly hooded, ± 2-notched; filaments 2–3 mm, narrowly triangular-winged, anthers 3–6 mm, pollen chambers ± separated; ovary 7–9 mm, style 4–9 mm
Ecology: Grassland, open woodlands
Elevation: 0–1500 m.
Bioregional distribution: North Coast, w Outer North Coast Ranges, s Sierra Nevada Foothills, Tehachapi Mountain Area, Central Western California, Transverse Ranges, Peninsular Ranges
Distribution outside California: s Oregon

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