Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California

  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.



Lawrence R. Heckard, Family Coordinator

Annual to shrubs, generally glandular, some green root-parasites
Stem generally round
Leaves generally alternate, simple, generally ± entire; stipules generally 0
Inflorescence: spike to panicle, generally bracted, or flowers 1–2 in axils
Flower bisexual; calyx lobes generally 5; corolla generally strongly bilateral, generally 2-lipped (upper lip generally 2-lobed, lower lip generally 3-lobed); stamens generally 4 in 2 pairs, generally included, a 5th (generally uppermost) sometimes present as a staminode; pistil 1, ovary superior, chambers generally 2, placentas axile, style 1, stigma lobes generally 2
Fruit: capsule, generally ± ovoid, loculicidal or septicidal
Seed: coat sculpture often characteristic
Genera in family: ± 200 genera, 3000 species: ± worldwide; some cultivated as ornamental (e.g., Antirrhinum, Mimulus, Penstemon ) or medicinal (Digitalis )
Recent taxonomic note: Recently treated to include only Buddleja, Scrophularia, and Verbascum in CA; other genera moved to Orobanchaceae (Castilleja, Cordylanthus, Orthocarpus, Pedicularis, Triphysaria), Phrymaceae (Mimulus), and Plantaginaceae (= Veronicaceae sensu Olmstead et al.)
Key to genera by Elizabeth Chase Neese & Margriet Wetherwax.



Linda Ann Vorobik

Perennial, green root-parasites
Stems decumbent to erect, generally 1–several from generally short caudex
Leaves alternate, generally ± basal, generally < inflorescence, crenate to divided, generally reduced upward; petiole generally < blade
Inflorescence: raceme, spike-like; bracts (at least lower) generally ± like upper leaves; pedicels 1–6 mm
Flower: calyx lobes (2,4) generally 5, uppermost generally shortest (all generally < tube), lateral fused in pairs; corolla white or yellow to red or purple, upper lip hood-, beak-, or trunk-like, lower lip 3-lobed, narrow to fan-shaped, central lobe generally smallest; fertile stamens 4, generally glabrous, anthers generally included; stigma head-like, generally exserted
Fruit loculicidal, generally ± ovoid, asymmetric, opening mostly on upper side
Seed smooth or netted
Species in genus: ± 500 species: cool wet n temp, circumboreal, South America
Etymology: (Latin: lice, from belief that ingestion by stock promoted lice infestation)
Reference: [Macior 1977 Bull Torrey Bot Club 104: 148–154]


P. bracteosa Benth. var. flavida (Pennell) Cronquist

Stem 30–110 cm, sparsely hairy above
Leaves ± ovate; segments singly to doubly toothed; basal leaves generally 0 at flower (8–25 cm, 5–21-segmented, petiole ± = blade); cauline leaves 3–15 cm, lower 13–25-segmented, upper dentate
Inflorescence 4–17 cm, glabrous; lower bracts > flowers
Flower: calyx 7–13 mm, lobes minutely ciliate; corolla 15–24 mm, ± club-like, light greenish to yellow, upper lip 8–10 mm, deeply hooded, lower lip 4–6 mm; anthers 1.5–3 mm, bases acute to obtuse
Fruit 9–10 mm
Seed 2.5–3.5 mm, netted
Ecology: Uncommon. Moist upper montane coniferous forest
Elevation: 1200–2300 m.
Bioregional distribution: Klamath Ranges
Distribution outside California: Oregon
Synonyms: P. f. Pennell
See the CNPS Inventory for information about endangerment and rarity.
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bioregional map for PEDICULARIS%20bracteosa%20var.%20flavida being generated

Retrieve Jepson Interchange Index to Plant Names entry for Pedicularis bracteosa var. flavida
Retrieve dichotomous key for Pedicularis
Overlay Consortium of California Herbaria specimen data by county on this map
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