Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California

  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.



Patrick E. Elvander

Perennial or subshrub from caudex or rhizome, generally ± hairy
Stem often ± leafy on lower half, rarely trailing and leafy throughout
Leaves generally simple, basal or sometimes cauline, generally alternate, generally petioled; veins ± palmate
Inflorescence: panicle, generally ± scapose
Flower generally bisexual, generally radial; hypanthium free to ± fused to ovary; calyx lobes generally 5; petals generally 5, free, generally clawed, generally white; stamens generally 5 or 10; pistils 2 and simple or 1 and compound (chambers 1–2, placentas 2–4, axile or parietal), ovary superior to inferior, sometimes more superior in fruit, styles generally 2
Fruit: 2 follicles or 2–4-valved capsule
Seeds generally many, small
Genera in family: 40 genera, 600 species: especially n temp, arctic, alpine; some cultivated (Bergenia , Darmera , Heuchera , Saxifraga , Tellima , Tolmiea )
Reference: [Soltis 1988 Syst Bot 13:64–72]



Species in genus: 1 sp
Etymology: (anagram of Mitella)


T. grandiflora (Pursh) Lindl.

Plant hairy, with some glands; rhizome scaly; bulblets 0
Leaves basal and cauline, 5–40 cm, reduced upward; stipules ± 5 mm, membranous, ± sheathing, ciliate to toothed; petiole 3–30 cm; blade 2–10 cm, ovate, base cordate, clasping above, lobes shallow, teeth sharp
Inflorescence: spike-like raceme, 40–100 cm, generally 1-sided; flowers many; bracts scale-like; pedicels 2–5 mm
Flower fragrant or not; hypanthium partly fused to ovary; calyx lobes 2–3 mm, ± elliptic; petals 3–7 mm, lobes ± 5–7, linear, ± greenish-white to rose, ephemeral; stamens 10; pistil 1, ovary > half inferior, chamber 1, placentas 2, parietal
Fruit: capsule; valves 2, equal
Chromosomes: 2n=14
Ecology: Moist slopes
Elevation: < 2000 m.
Bioregional distribution: Northwestern California, Cascade Range, n Sierra Nevada, n&c Central Western California
Distribution outside California: to Alaska, Montana
Horticultural information: IRR, DRN: 4, 5, 17 &SHD: 2, 3, 6, 7, 8, 9, 14, 15, 16, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24; GRCVR.

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