Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California

  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.



William J. Stone

Perennial, generally from slender rhizome or short caudex, carnivorous; roots poorly developed
Leaves: basal rosette, spreading to erect, modified into tubular "pitcher" sometimes containing digestive fluids
Inflorescence: flower generally 1, on long peduncle
Flower bisexual, radial, nodding; sepals generally 5, overlapping, generally clawed; petals 5 or 0; stamens many; pistil 1, ovary superior, chambers generally 5, sometimes incomplete above, placentas axile (or parietal above), style 1, entire to 4–6 lobed or umbrella-like, stigma terminal or under tips of style lobes
Fruit: capsule, loculicidal; valves generally 5
Seeds many, club-like, often winged
Genera in family: 3 genera, 15 species: CA, OR, e North America, n South America, especially bogs, streamsides.



Leaf tubular, curved, enlarged upward, upward-facing opening partly covered by a sometimes umbrella-like flap; hollow hood 0
Inflorescence: flower subtended by 3 bracts
Flower: sepals 5; petals 5; ovary chambers 5, style tip expanded into large, umbrella-like, peltate disk
Species in genus: 8 species: se US
Etymology: (M.S. Sarrazin, Quebec physician and collector, 1659–1734)
S. rubra was planted in NCo (Mendocino Co.) and may persist.


S. purpurea L.

Leaves many, nearly erect, < 20 cm, widest at middle, top open or partly covered by reniform flap, with reflexed hairs on inside of flap and tube
Inflorescence 20–60 cm
Flower: sepals 2–6 cm, ovate to rhombic, dark purple-red outside, pale green inside; petals 2–6 cm, obovate, tapered to a short claw, purple-red on both surfaces
Chromosomes: 2n=26
Ecology: Uncommon. Seeps, marshes, bogs
Elevation: 1000 m.
Bioregional distribution: n High Sierra Nevada (Butterfly Valley, Plumas Co., perhaps eradicated at that site but possibly naturalized elsewhere)
Distribution outside California: native to e N.America
Cult as novelty. Lvs contain digestive fluids.

Information on Naturalization status was contributed by Jim Belsher-Howe (Oct 31 2003):
On 10/25/03 a clump of Sarracenia purpurea about 1-2ft by 1-2ft was discovered [at the Butterfly Valley site] by Forest Service botanist Linda Swartz [and later removed].... It is unclear if these plants grew from the seedbank remaining after the previous eradication attempt, have been there for a long time and not previously observed, or are a recent reintroduction

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