|Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange|
|TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993)||
previous taxon |
Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California
AND IS MAINTAINED FOR ARCHIVAL PURPOSES ONLY
Annual to tree
Leaves basal or cauline, alternate to whorled, simple to compound
Inflorescence: 1° inflorescence a head, each resembling a flower, 1many, generally arrayed in cymes, generally subtended by ± calyx-like involucre; flowers 1many per head
Flowers bisexual, unisexual, or sterile, ± small, of several types; calyx 0 or modified into pappus of bristles, scales, or awns, which is generally persistent in fruit; corolla radial or bilateral (rarely 0), lobes generally (0)45; stamens 45, anthers generally fused into cylinder around style, often appendaged at tips, bases, or both, filaments generally free, generally attached to corolla near throat; pistil 1, ovary inferior, 1-chambered, 1-seeded, style 1, branches 2, generally hair-tufted at tip, stigmas 2, generally on inside of style branches
Fruit: achene, cylindric to ovoid, generally deciduous with pappus attached
Genera in family: ± 1300 genera, 21,000 species (largest family of dicots): worldwide. Largest family in CA. Also see tribal key to CA genera: Strother 1997 Madroño 44(1):128. See glossary p. 25 for illustrations of general family characteristics.
Annual to perennial herb (subshrub)
Stems generally erect
Leaves alternate, generally entire
Inflorescence: heads generally radiate, 1many in loose, panicle-like or flat-topped clusters; involucre hemispheric; phyllaries narrowly lanceolate, in 2several equal to strongly graded series; receptacle flat to steeply conic, naked, smooth to shallowly pitted
Ray flowers (0) generally 10many; ligules generally white, pink, or blue (yellow)
Disk flowers many; corollas generally narrowly funnel-shaped, yellow; style tips 0.10.8 mm, ± triangular
Fruit 0.53 mm, generally ± oblong, compressed to ± cylindric, generally 2-ribbed, generally sparsely hairy; pappus (0) generally of 650 longer, inner bristles and shorter outer bristles, narrow scales, or short crown
Species in genus: ± 375 species: wordwide
Etymology: (Greek: early old age)
Reference: [Nesom 1992 Phytologia 72:157208]
Perennial 20100 cm, from woody roots and often slender-branched caudex, generally ascending, branched above, sparsely appressed-hairy or becoming glabrous
Leaves cauline, generally well distributed around stem, 1065 mm, thread-like to widely oblanceolate, evenly sized and spaced
Inflorescence often flat-topped; heads 1several, 1016 mm diam; phyllaries strongly graded in 35 series, sometimes glandular
Ray flowers 1560; corollas 515 mm, ligules generally blue, weakly coiled
Fruit: pappus bristles 2034
Ecology: Many habitats
Elevation: < 2900 m.
Bioregional distribution: Klamath Ranges, Outer North Coast Ranges, Sierra Nevada Foothills, s High Sierra Nevada, San Francisco Bay Area, South Coast Ranges, Transverse Ranges, Peninsular Ranges, Desert Mountains
Distribution outside California: Oregon, n Baja California
Varieties confinis and mendocinus intergrade.
Leaves 36 cm, 12 mm wide, ± oriented to 1 side of stem, sparsely strigose
Inflorescence: phyllaries 0.50.8 mm wide, inner 46 mm, ± densely nonglandular-spreading-hairy, midvein ± prominent, margins generally thick (or narrowly scarious)
Ray flowers: corollas 712 mm
Ecology: Rocky riverbanks, oak woodland
Elevation: 100600 m.
Bioregional distribution: n&c Sierra Nevada Foothills
Horticultural information: DRN, IRR, SUN: 7, 9, 14, 15, 16, 19, 20, 21.