Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

link to manual TREATMENT FROM THE JEPSON MANUAL (1993) previous taxon | next taxon
Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California

  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.



James C. Hickman

Annual to trees, some dioecious
Stem: nodes often swollen
Leaves simple, basal or cauline, alternate, opposite, or whorled, generally entire; stipules 0 or obvious and fused into a generally scarious sheath around stem
Inflorescence: small cluster, axillary or arrayed in cymes or panicles; involucres sometimes subtending 1–many flowers
Flower generally bisexual, small, ± radial; perianth generally 5–6-lobed, base ± tapered, often jointed to pedicel; stamens 2–9, often in 2 whorls; ovary superior, styles generally 3, generally fused at base
Fruit: achene, generally enclosed by persistent perianth, generally 3-angled, ovoid, and glabrous
Genera in family: 50 genera, 1100 species: worldwide, especially n temp; some cultivated for food (Fagopyrum ; Rheum , rhubarb; Rumex , sorrel) or ornamental (Antigonon , coral-vine; Muehlenbeckia ; Polygonum )
Reference: [Ronse Decraene & Akeroyd 1988 Bot J Linn Soc 98:321–371; Reveal et al. 1989 Phytologia 66(2–4):83–414]
Treatments of the 15 eriogonoid genera are based on the monographic work of James L. Reveal, who is gratefully acknowledged.



Annual, perennial herb, glabrous or hairy, sometimes glandular
Stem generally scapose (made up of inflorescence axes)
Leaves basal (rarely some cauline); stipule 0; blade generally ± oblanceolate
Inflorescence open or of few heads, sometimes 1-sided; bracts generally opposite, leaf-like to scale-like; involucres 1–several per axil, sessile, tube cylindric to bell-shaped, generally ± cross-ridged or net-veined, bracts (and ribs) 3–6, awns straight or hooked; flowers 1–2 per involucre
Flower: perianth white to red or yellow, lobes 6, entire to fringed or toothed; stamens 3–9
Fruit 1.5–4.5 mm, generally ± brown, glabrous
Species in genus: 50 species: temp w North America, sw South America
Etymology: (Greek: divided flower, from perianth)
Reference: [Reveal & Hardham 1989 Phytologia 66(2):98–198]


C. pungens Benth.

Stem prostrate to erect, 5–50 cm, grayish or reddish, soft-hairy
Leaf: blade 5–70 mm
Inflorescence: involucral tube 2–3 mm, cylindric, bracts 6, scarious margins conspicuous, white to purple, awns ± equal, hooked
Flower: perianth 2–3.5 mm, white to rose, hairy, lobes ± jagged at tip; stamens 9
Chromosomes: n=20
Ecology: Coastal strand, scrub, etc.
Elevation: < 450 m.
Bioregional distribution: n&c Central Coast, San Francisco Bay Area
Synonyms: var. hartwegii (Benth.) Goodman misapplied
The earliest name in a variable and confusing complex with many local forms (see key). More erect plants with pink to purple involucral margins have been called var. hartwegiana Reveal & Hardham.

previous taxon | next taxon
bioregional map for CHORIZANTHE%20pungens being generated

Retrieve Jepson Interchange Index to Plant Names entry for Chorizanthe pungens
Retrieve dichotomous key for Chorizanthe
Overlay Consortium of California Herbaria specimen data by county on this map
Show other taxa with the same California distribution | Read about bioregions | Get lists of plants in a bioregion
Return to the Jepson Interchange main page
Return to treatment index page

University & Jepson Herbaria Home Page |
General Information | University Herbarium | Jepson Herbarium |
Visiting the Herbaria | On-line Resources | Research |
Education | Related Sites
Copyright © by the Regents of the University of California