Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California

  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.



Curtis Clark

Annual to small tree; sap often colored, often milky
Leaves basal, cauline, or both, generally toothed, lobed, or dissected; cauline generally alternate; stipules 0
Inflorescence: cyme, raceme, or panicle (terminal), or flower solitary
Flower bisexual, generally radial; sepals 2–4, sometimes shed ± at flower; petals generally 4 or 6 (or more), sometimes in 2 unlike pairs; stamens 4–many; ovary generally 1, superior, chamber generally 1, stigma lobes 0–many, ovules 1–many
Fruit: generally capsule, dehiscent by valves or pores, generally septicidal
Genera in family: 40 genera, 400 sp.: n temp, n tropical, s Africa; some cultivated (Papaver, Dicentra, Eschscholzia ). Petal length includes any spur or pouch. Hunnemannia fumariifolia Sweet (Eschscholzia-like garden per with free sepals) an uncommon waif in CA. Corydalis, Dicentra, Fumaria formerly treated in Fumariaceae.


Annual to perennial herb, glabrous, glaucous; sap colorless
Leaves deeply pinnately dissected
Inflorescence: raceme or panicle
Flower bilateral; sepals 2, shed at flower; petals 4, yellow or white to pink, persistent after pollination, outer 2 petals free, not alike, keeled (upper spurred at base), inner 2 petals adherent at tips, oblanceolate, crested on back; stamens 6, ± fused in 2 sets, opposite outer petals; ovary lanceolate, placentas 2, style 1, stigma lobes 4–8
Fruit generally cylindric to oblong, dehiscent from tip
Seeds several–many, 2–2.5 mm, round-reniform, smooth or rough, black
Species in genus: ± 100 species: n hemisphere, s Africa (some ornamental)
Etymology: (Greek: crested lark)


C. aurea Willd.

Annual or biennial, 10–40 cm, glaucous
Leaves several–many, 3–18 cm
Inflorescence: raceme, few-flowered
Flower: petals 9–11 mm, yellow, spur 4–5 mm
Fruit 18–25 mm, cylindric
Ecology: Open areas
Elevation: 1500–2300 m.
Bioregional distribution: Great Basin Floristic Province
Distribution outside California: to Alaska, eastern US, n Mexico
Flowering time: May–Aug
Horticultural information: TRY.

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