Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange    

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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California

  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.



Ronald L. Hartman (except Silene)

Annual, biennial, perennial herb, rarely dioecious, taprooted or rhizome generally slender
Leaves simple, generally opposite; stipules generally 0; petiole generally 0; blade entire, sheath generally 0
Inflorescence: cyme, generally open; flowers few–many or flower solitary and axillary; involucre generally 0
Flower generally bisexual, radial; hypanthium sometimes present; sepals generally 5, ± free or fused into a tube, tube generally herbaceous between lobes or teeth; awns generally 0; petals generally 5 or 0, generally tapered to base (or with claw long, blade expanded), entire to 2–several-lobed, blade generally without scale-like appendages (inner surface), generally without ear-like lobes at base; stamens generally 10, generally fertile, generally free, generally from ovary base; nectaries generally 0; ovary superior, generally 1-chambered, placentas basal or free-central, styles 2–5 or 1 and 2–3-branched
Fruit: capsule or utricle (rarely modified, dehiscent), generally sessile
Seeds: appendage generally 0
Genera in family: 85 genera, 2400 species: widespread, especially arctic, alpine, temp, n hemisphere; some cultivated (Agrostemma, Arenaria, Cerastium, Dianthus, Gypsophila, Lychnis, Saponaria, Silene, Vaccaria ).



Annual, biennial, perennial herb, erect, taprooted or rhizomed
Leaf: blade linear to oblanceolate; vein 1 or lateral pairs less prominent
Inflorescence: cyme, terminal; flowers few–many, tightly dense, or flowers 1–few, loosely arranged; involucral bracts 2–6, linear to ovate; pedicels 0–3 mm or 10+ mm
Flower: sepals 5, fused, glabrous to hairy, tube prominent, 1.3–2 cm, 1.8–3.3 mm diam, ± cylindric, weakly 10–40-ribbed, lobes 3–8 mm, < tube, triangular to lanceolate; petals 5, 13–24 mm, claw long, blade irregularly toothed; stamens fused with petals to stalk; styles 2, 5–12 mm
Fruit: capsule, ± tubular; stalk 1–4 mm; teeth 4, ascending
Seeds many, black
Species in genus: 300 species: Eurasia to s Africa
Etymology: (Greek: divine flower, from beauty or fragrance of flower)


D. deltoides L. subsp. deltoides


Perennial 18–40 cm; rhizomes slender
Leaves: basal blades oblanceolate; cauline blades linear to linear-lanceolate
Inflorescence: flowers 1–few, not dense; bracts 1/3–1/2 X calyx tube, ovate, short-tapered; pedicels mostly 5–10+ mm
Flower: calyx 1.3–1.7 cm, glabrous to minutely hairy above, ribs 25–30, lobes linear to ± triangular; petal blade 4–9 mm, deep pink with darker zigzag band near base
Fruit: stalk ± 3 mm
Chromosomes: 2n=30
Ecology: Wet meadows, disturbed areas
Elevation: < 2500 m.
Bioregional distribution: High Cascade Range, n&s High Sierra Nevada, San Joaquin Valley, Modoc Plateau
Distribution outside California: native to Europe

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