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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California

  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.



Lauramay T. Dempster

Subshrub, shrub, vine, or small tree
Leaves opposite, simple or compound; stipules generally 0
Flower: calyx tube fused to ovary, limb generally 5-lobed; corolla radial or bilateral, rotate to cylindric, generally 5-lobed; stamens generally 5, epipetalous, alternate corolla lobes; ovary inferior, 1–5-chambered, style l
Fruit: berry, drupe, or capsule
Genera in family: ± 12 genera, 450 species: especially n temp
Recent taxonomic note: Recently treated to include Valerianaceae (and Dispaceae); Sambucus, Viburnum recently treated in Adoxaceae



Stem decumbent to erect, slender
Leaf simple, deciduous, small, short-petioled; blade generally elliptic to round, some often ± lobed
Inflorescence: generally raceme, generally ± terminal, generally few-flowered; flower subtended by 2 fused bractlets
Flower ± radial; hypanthium ± spheric; calyx with 5-toothed, persistent limb; corolla bell-shaped to ± salverform, generally 5-lobed, white or pink, often ± hairy inside; nectaries 1–5, ± basal; stamens generally included; ovary chambers 4, styles generally included, stigma head-shaped
Fruit generally berry-like, generally white
Seeds 2 (1 per lateral ovary chamber), ± oblong, planoconvex
Species in genus: ± 10 species: North America, 1 in China
Etymology: (Greek: to bear fruit together, the berries borne in clusters)
Reference: [Jones 1940 J Arnold Arbor 21:201–252]


S. albus (L.) S.F. Blake var. laevigatus (Fernald) S.F. Blake


Plant erect, 6–18 dm, glabrous or puberulent
Stem: branches stiff, spreading; new shoots erect, unbranched, often with inflorescence, their leaves larger, more variable
Leaf: blade generally 1–3 cm (those of new shoots –6 cm)
Inflorescence: flowers 8–16
Flower: calyx limb spreading, divided halfway; corolla 4–6 mm, bell-shaped, pink, swollen on lower side, glandular within swelling, lobes ± 1/2 corolla length, lobes and upper throat ± densely hairy inside, lobes ± erect
Fruit 8–12 mm, round
Seed 4–5 mm
Ecology: Shady woods, streambanks, n slopes
Elevation: < 1200 m.
Bioregional distribution: Northwestern California, w edge Cascade Range, n Sierra Nevada Foothills, Central Western California, Southwestern California
Distribution outside California: to Alaska, Montana
Synonyms: S. rivularis Suksd
Naturalized in e US. Fr may be TOXIC to humans
Horticultural information: 4, 6, 15, 16, 17, SHD: 7, 14, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24 &IRR: 8, 9, 10, 11; STBL.

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bioregional map for SYMPHORICARPOS%20albus%20var.%20laevigatus being generated

Retrieve Jepson Interchange Index to Plant Names entry for Symphoricarpos albus var. laevigatus
Retrieve dichotomous key for Symphoricarpos
Overlay Consortium of California Herbaria specimen data by county on this map
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