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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California

  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.



Nancy Morin, except as specified

Annual to tree
Leaves generally cauline, generally simple, generally alternate, petioled or not; stipules 0
Inflorescence: panicle, raceme, spike, or flowers solitary in axils, generally open; bracts leaf-like or not
Flower: bisexual, radial or bilateral, sometimes inverted (pedicel twisted 180°; hypanthium generally present, ± fused to ovary; sepals generally 5; corolla radial to 2-lipped, generally fused (tube sometimes split down back), lobes generally 5; stamens 5, free or ± fused (anthers and filaments fused into tube or filaments fused above middle); ovary inferior, sometimes half inferior, chambers 1–3, placentas axile or parietal, ovules many, style generally 1, 2–5-branched
Fruit: generally capsule, dehiscing on sides or at tip by pores or short valves
Seeds many
Genera in family: ± 70 genera, ± 2000 species: worldwide. Some cultivated for ornamental (Campanula, Jasione, Lobelia ). Subfamilies sometimes treated as different families.



Annual, glabrous to hairy; roots fibrous
Stem erect, simple or branched, 2–40 cm, 4-angled
Leaves cauline, widely linear to ovate, serrate, sessile
Inflorescence: flowers generally solitary, terminal
Flower pedicelled or not; sepals 0.5–3 X ovary, linear to narrowly triangular; corolla cylindric, funnel-, or bell-shaped, throat white, lobes linear to widely ovate, white to deep purple; ovary inferior, obconic to cylindric and narrowed near middle
Fruit dehiscing at top, through opening formed when style base falls off
Seeds ± 1 mm, angular-fusiform
Species in genus: 4 species: w North America
Etymology: (Greek: Githago -like)
Reference: [Morin 1983 Syst Bot 8:436–468]


G. pulchella Vatke

Plant glabrous to hairy
Stem erect, 4–40 cm
Leaf 3–20 mm; bracts 2–15 mm, 2–30 mm apart, lanceolate
Flower: pedicel 0–10 mm; sepals 2 X ovary; corolla 7–24 mm, 1–1.5 X longer than wide at level of sinuses, narrowly to widely bell-shaped, lobes < to > tube, light violet to deep blue; filament bases wide, ciliate; ovary 2.5–10.5 mm, cylindric to obconic, 2–5 X longer than wide at top, base long-tapered, top round, ribs 10, equal, style 4–12 mm, upper 66–90% papillate
Chromosomes: n=10
Ecology: Oak woodland
Elevation: 30–1300 m.
Bioregional distribution: High Cascade Range, n&c Sierra Nevada.


subsp. serpentinicola N. Morin

Stem 4–25 cm; upper branches 2–6 cm; hairs fine or 0
Leaf 3.5–9 mm; bracts 5–15 mm apart
Flower: pedicel 0–10 mm; corolla 7–13 mm, 4–8 mm wide at sinus, narrowly bell-shaped, lobes 3–6 mm, light blue-violet; ovary 2.5–5.5 mm, obconic, shallowly ribbed in fruit, style 5–9 mm, 0.2–0.6 mm wide, upper 70–80% papillate
Ecology: Serpentine, similar outcrops, and Ione Formation
Elevation: 450–540 m.
Bioregional distribution: c Sierra Nevada Foothills (especially Amador Co.)
Horticultural information: TRY.
See the CNPS Inventory for information about endangerment and rarity.
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bioregional map for GITHOPSIS%20pulchella%20subsp.%20serpentinicola being generated

Retrieve Jepson Interchange Index to Plant Names entry for Githopsis pulchella subsp. serpentinicola
Retrieve dichotomous key for Githopsis
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