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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California

  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.



John Bleck, Wayne R. Ferren Jr., Nancy J. Vivrette

Annual, perennial herb, shrub, generally fleshy
Stem underground or prostrate to erect
Leaves generally simple, generally cauline, generally opposite; stipule generally 0; blade generally glabrous, often glaucous
Inflorescence: cyme or flower solitary
Flower generally bisexual, radial; hypanthium present; sepals 3–8; petals generally many in several whorls, free or fused at base, linear, sometimes 0; stamens 1–many, free or fused in groups, outer often petal-like; nectary a ring or separate glands; pistil 1, ovary superior to inferior, chambers 1–20, placentas generally parietal, styles 0–20, stigmas 1–20
Fruit: generally capsule, opening by flaps or circumscissile, or berry or nut
Seeds 1–many per chamber, often with aril
Genera in family: 130 genera, 2500 species: generally subtropical, especially s Africa; many cultivated, some waifs in CA (e.g., Disphyma crassifolium (L.) L. Bolus: ovary glands convex and minutely crenate, stigmas densely plumose, fruit chambers 5, seeds ovate, ± smooth; Lampranthus species: ovary glands fused, fruit chambers 5, seeds pear-shaped, ± black, rough; both genera members of Ruschieae)
Reference: [Ferren et al. 1981 Madroño 28:80–85]
Glinus, Mollugo are in Molluginaceae.


John Bleck

Perennial, shrub
Stem prostrate to erect
Leaves opposite, < 6 cm, slightly fused at base, triangular to ± cylindric in X -section, smooth, often glaucous
Inflorescence: flower solitary
Flower < 5 cm diam; sepals 4–6; petals free; stamens many in several whorls; nectary a ring; ovary ± inferior, top flat, chambers 8–11, placentas parietal, styles 0, stigmas 8–11, wide, feathery
Fruit: capsule, persistent; valve winged and with lids
Seed flat, rough, with tubercles in rows
Species in genus: 15 species: s Africa
Etymology: (Greek: bearing arm-holes, from seed pockets of fruit)


M. crocea (Jacq.) Schwantes

Stem prostrate, stout, pale, corky; sometimes rooting at nodes
Leaves crowded on short shoots, 2.5–6 cm, 6 mm wide, ± triangular in X -section, pale glaucous-green, sometimes reddish
Inflorescence: peduncle 1–6 cm
Flower: calyx 0.8–1.5 cm diam, lobes 4–6, unequal, at least 2 short, acuminate, with translucent margins; petal upper surface generally orange, lower purple; outer stamens sterile, petal-like, inner stamens erect, often hairy at base; ovary chambers generally 8, stigmas generally 8, feathery
Fruit: placental tubercle at outer margin of chamber, 2-lobed with adjacent seed pockets
Seeds many, 1 mm, 0.8 mm wide, lenticular
Chromosomes: 2n=27,36
Ecology: Common. Margins of wetlands, bluffs along coast
Elevation: < 50 m.
Bioregional distribution: Central Coast, South Coast, s Channel Islands
Distribution outside California: native to s Africa
Synonyms: Mesembryanthemum c. Jacq
± invasive.

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