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Jepson Interchange (more information)
©Copyright 1993 by the Regents of the University of California

  • Up-to-date information about California vascular plants is available from the Jepson eFlora.



John Bleck, Wayne R. Ferren Jr., Nancy J. Vivrette

Annual, perennial herb, shrub, generally fleshy
Stem underground or prostrate to erect
Leaves generally simple, generally cauline, generally opposite; stipule generally 0; blade generally glabrous, often glaucous
Inflorescence: cyme or flower solitary
Flower generally bisexual, radial; hypanthium present; sepals 3–8; petals generally many in several whorls, free or fused at base, linear, sometimes 0; stamens 1–many, free or fused in groups, outer often petal-like; nectary a ring or separate glands; pistil 1, ovary superior to inferior, chambers 1–20, placentas generally parietal, styles 0–20, stigmas 1–20
Fruit: generally capsule, opening by flaps or circumscissile, or berry or nut
Seeds 1–many per chamber, often with aril
Genera in family: 130 genera, 2500 species: generally subtropical, especially s Africa; many cultivated, some waifs in CA (e.g., Disphyma crassifolium (L.) L. Bolus: ovary glands convex and minutely crenate, stigmas densely plumose, fruit chambers 5, seeds ovate, ± smooth; Lampranthus species: ovary glands fused, fruit chambers 5, seeds pear-shaped, ± black, rough; both genera members of Ruschieae)
Reference: [Ferren et al. 1981 Madroño 28:80–85]
Glinus, Mollugo are in Molluginaceae.



Nancy J. Vivrette

Shrub, smooth, glabrous
Stem trailing, rooting at nodes, forming mats, < 20 dm; flower-branches ascending
Leaf fleshy, ± triangular in X -section
Inflorescence: flower solitary, terminal
Flower 3–15 cm diam; sepals 5, unequal, smaller 2 or 3 with expanded papery margins; petals free, showy, magenta, pink, or yellow; stamens many, erect; ovary inferior, chambers 8–20, styles 0, stigmas 8–20, sessile, linear, hairy
Fruit berry-like, fleshy, indehiscent
Seeds many
Species in genus: 30 species: s Africa, Chile, Australia
Etymology: (Greek: fruit edible)


C. chilensis (Molina) N.E. Br.


Stem < 2 m
Leaf 4–7 cm, widest above middle, glaucous
Flower sessile; sepals 1–2 cm, slightly triangular in X -section, outer angle smooth; petals 1–2.5 cm, rose-magenta
Ecology: Common. Coastal
Elevation: < 100 m.
Bioregional distribution: North Coast, Central Coast, South Coast, n Channel Islands
Distribution outside California: to Oregon, Mexico; probably native to s Africa
Synonyms: Mesembryanthemum c. Molina; C. mellei L. Bolus also applied to material from Chile; C. aequilaterus (Haw.) N.E. Br. and M. a. Haw. are misapplied to Carpobrotus

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