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Jepson Interchange (more information)
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James R. Griffin

Tree or shrub, monoecious, evergreen
Stem: young crown conic; twig not grooved, resinous, generally persistent
Leaves simple, generally alternate, sometimes in bundles or appearing ± 2-ranked, linear or awl-like; bases decurrent, sometimes woody, persistent several years
Pollen cone generally < 6 cm, not woody, deciduous
Seed cone generally woody; bracts, scales generally persistent; scale not peltate, fused to or free from subtending bract
Seeds 2, on upper side of scale base
Genera in family: 10 genera, 193 species: mostly n hemisphere; many of great commercial value, supplying > half of world's timber
Reference: [Price 1989 J Arnold Arbor 70:247–305]



Stem: young crown conic, mature crown often rounded or flat; branches ± whorled in young plants; young bark smooth, mature bark furrowed; bud ± conic, generally resinous
Leaves generally 2.5–35 cm, generally sessile, in bundles of 1–5; bundles solitary in axils of alternate, awl-like bracts, each bundle enclosed at base in a sometimes deciduous sheath of bracts, generally persistent several seasons
Seed cones often whorled, generally maturing and opening 2nd season, sometimes persistent on stem; stalk 0 or < 16 cm; bract included, fused to scale, minute; scale tip reflexed and elongated 3–7 cm, or often with a rounded or angled, often prickled knob < 3 cm
Seed: coat hard, sometimes woody
Chromosomes: 2n=24 for all reports
Species in genus: 94 species: n hemisphere
Etymology: (Latin: pine)
Reference: [Millar & Critchfield 1988 Madroño 35:39–53]


P. jeffreyi Grev. & Balf.


Stem: trunk < 53 m, 2.3 m wide; mature bark generally red-brown, furrows closely spaced, deep, forming ridges, odor banana-, pineapple-, or vanilla-like; mature crown rounded; bud not resinous, scales light brown, white-hairy
Leaves 3 per bundle, 12–22 cm, grayish blue-green, glaucous
Seed cone spreading or recurved, generally 13–25 cm, ± oblong, brown; stalk < 3 cm, persistent with basal scales; scale surfaces generally of similar color, tips reflexed, elongated < 3 cm, with prickled knobs
Ecology: Upper mixed-conifer, red-fir forests, elsewhere on serpentine
Elevation: 450–3100 m.
Bioregional distribution: Klamath Ranges, North Coast Ranges, Cascade Range, Sierra Nevada, Inner South Coast Ranges, Transverse Ranges, Peninsular Ranges, Great Basin Floristic Province
Distribution outside California: sw Oregon, w Nevada, n Baja California
Horticultural information: DRN, SUN: 1, 4, 5, 6, 15, 16, 17 &IRR: 2, 3, 7, 8, 9, 14, 18, 19.

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