Fungi Treasure: Chinese and American Edible Mushroom Treasures
by Mo-Mei Chen
, University and Jepson Herbaria, University of California, Berkeley

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Volume 6: Principles of the Cultivation of Edible Mushrooms
61 pages
| $xx.xx | ISBN 978-1-407-9104-5

Volume 6 highlights the principles for cultivating edible mushrooms. It emphasizes the medicinal value of fungi,
cultivation requirements of fungi, and specific cultivation techniques of individual groups.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Introduction………………………………………………………………………………………..1

6.1 Cultures and History.................................................................................................................4

6.1.1 Mushroom Cultures

6.1.2 Chinese Mushroom History

6.1.2a Qin and Han Period (221 BCE to 280 CE )

6.1.2b The Beginning of Morphological Identification of Mushroom Species (Song to Qing)

6.1.2c The Late Use of Linnaeus for Species by Scholars

6.1.2d Modern Chinese Mycological Flora

6.2 Biogeography Mushroom Flora of Various Regions………………………………………7

6.2.1 Northeast Region

6.2.2 North and Northwest

6.2.3 Central China

6.2.4 Southwest Region

6.2.5 Taiwan

6.2.6 Southeast and south China

6.2.7 Qing Hai and Xi Zang (Tibet) Plateau

6.3 Commercially Common Species ……………………………………………………………9

6.4 Nutrition and Medicinal Value…………………………………………………………….14

6.4.1 General Introduction of Nutritional and Medicinal Components in Mushrooms

6.4.2 Nutritional components:

6.4.2a Proteins

6.4.2b Amino Acids

6.4.2c Carbohydrates

6.4.2d Fats

6.4.2e Vitamins

6.4.2f Minerals

6.4.3 Medicinal Components

6.4.3a Polysaccharides and Beta-Glucans

6.4.3b Terpenoids

6.4.3c Other Natural Products

            6.4.4 Fungi for New Medicine

6.5 Requirements for Cultivation Conditions……………………………………………..…19

6.5.1 Nutritional and Cultivation Substrate Requirements

6.5.1a Carbon Source

6.5.1b Nitrogen Source

6.5.1c Carbon with Nitrogen Ratio (C/N)

6.5.1d Inorganic Salt

6.5.1e Growing Minerals

6.5.1f Growth Factor

6.5.2 Temperature Range

6.5.3 Moisture Capacity

6.5.4. The Effect of pH

6.5.5 The Effect of Air upon the Mushroom

6.5.6 Lighting Conditions

6.5.7 The Effect of External Biological Agents

6.5.8 The Role of Time

6.6 Spawn Production………………………………………………………………………..33

6.6.1 Mother Mushroom Culture

6.6.2 Original Mushroom Culture

6.6.3 Spawn Culture

6.6.4 Various Spawn Altitudes

6.6.4a Industrial Spawn Company

6.6.4b Special Spawn ( Container and Substrates )

Mason Jar Spawn, Bagged Spawn, Sawdust Spawn,

Grain Spawn, Wood Chip Spawn, Liquid Spawn

6.6.5 Questions of Spawn Quality

6.6.5a What is the viability of spawn?

6.6.5b Rejuvenation of Spawn

6.6.5c Can the spawn be regenerated?

6.6.5d Evaluation of Spawn Contamination

6.7 Cultivation Proceedings and Techniques……………………………………………….39

(With Chart Illustration)

6.7.1 Substrate Preparation

6.7.1a Mixing of Substrates

6.7.1b Filling and Sealing Containers

6.7.1c Sterilization

6.7.2 Mycelium Growths

6.7.2a Inoculation

6.7.2b Incubation (mycelia growth)

6.7.3 Fruiting

6.7.3a Pinhead Initiation

6.7.3b Fruiting Body Growth

6.7.4 Cropping

6.7.5 Packaging

6.8 Three Important Factors for Cultivation (Substrate, Container, Season)…………...42

6.8.1 Cultivation Substrates

6.8.1a Cottonseed Hull

6.8.1b Sawdust

6.8.1c Bagasse

6.8.1d Wild Grasses

6.8.1e Natural -Sterilized Raw Materials

6.8.1f Sterilized Raw Material Cultivation

6.8.2 Cultivation Containers

6.8.2a Plastic Bag

6.8.2b Plastic Substrate Logs

6.8.2c Bed-log Method

6.8.2d Sawdust Block

6.8.2e Peeled Plastic Bag

6.8.3 Cultivation Seasons

6.8.3a Year-Round Cultivation

6.8.3b Summer Season

6.8.3c Autumn Season

6.9 Growth room structure and equipment and supplies………………......….…….....……47

6.9.1 Artificial Tunnel Growing (Bed-log Method)

6.9.2 Covering bags vultivation of bed-logs

Appendix......................................................................................................................................50

Pictures.........................................................................................................................................53

Charts...........................................................................................................................................63

Chart 1 (Spawn Production)

Chart 2 (Cultivation Process)