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Archives of the University and Jepson Herbaria

Report by Dr. Richard G. Beidleman, Research Associate, October 2006

         
   

There are currently two major, separate archive collections, with respect to housing. Those associated with Lower Plants are mainly in the Cryptogamic Library and in The Lower Plants staff offices and working spaces. The archive collections of the Higher Plants and General Herbaria are in part housed in the Jepson Library, in part temporarily in two nearby storage rooms, and otherwise currently scattered.

Lower Plant (Cryptogamic) Archives: The Cryptogamic Library (Room 1083), in addition to innumerable books, periodicals, reprints, etc., houses in filing cabinets the extensive correspondence of Dr. William Setchell, long-time head of the University’s Botany Department. In the Cryptogamic staff areas (Rooms 1070 and 1070A) there are files of staff correspondence, reprints, books and journals, and personal belongings. The Cryptogamic collections in general are not currently being actively archived.

Higher Plants and General Herbaria Archives (also see Appendix): The archive collections of the general herbaria are in part housed in the Jepson Library (some Jepson and other material), nearby in two temporary rooms (1020 which houses some of the Jepson Collection; and 1003AA), and otherwise currently scattered (some still in the flooding archive rooms—see Appendix 4).

A selective description of the general archives follows:

 

THE WILLIS LINN JEPSON ARCHIVES INVENTORY:

The Jepson archives, appropriately enough, undoubtedly constitutes at the moment the most important, largest, most well curated and housed, best organized, well indexed, and correspondence-transcribed of the UC herbaria archival collections.

1. Jepson Collections Housed in the Jepson Library (Room 1013):

Bound Volumes of Jepson Correspondence: Sixty-two large volumes of original letters, postcards, telegrams, etc., covering the period from 1887 through 1946. In each volume the entries, numbered and arranged alphabetically by correspondent, represent mainly the correspondence received by Jepson, generally for the particular volume year. In addition, there is a single index volume containing, for each of the 62 volumes, a detailed index for that volume. Unfortunately there is no single comprehensive index for the sum total of the Jepson bound correspondence. Such an index would prove invaluable to researchers, and its preparation warrants a high priority. There has been no count of the number of Jepson’s different correspondents nor the total count of letters and other forms of correspondence constituting this entire collection. The total undoubtedly exceeds 200,000 items, primarily of a professional nature, with perhaps thousands of correspondents. Jepson’s personal, as well as much additional professional as well as personal correspondence, also exists here in other Jepson collections, especially the Jepson/Helen-Mar Wheeler collection. currently housed in room 1020.

Jepson’s “Field Books”, housed in a Jepson Library tan wood cabinet: A collection of 63, pocket-sized, bound notebooks, representing chronological observations, most of them during field trips, from 1888 through February 21, 1946. Interspersed throughout the volumes are random notes by Jepson; and later, Jepson added embelishments to a number of the original entries. There are also some earlier notebooks, housed elsewhere in the Jepson archives (Room 1020).

Jepson’s 20 Topical Notebooks, in the same type of bound notebooks as the field books, and housed together with the field books in the tan cabinet.

  1. Index to the field books. Three volumes
  2. Personal address book - Botanists
  3. Personal address book- General
  4. California Botanical Explorers - Four volumes of biographical notes
  5. Common names of California Plants
  6. Systematic Botany - Two volumes
  7. Types and Original Citations - Three volumes
  8. Field Records
  9. Loan Book
  10. References to Botanical Literature
  11. Economic Plants of California
  12. Query Book

Jepson Botanist Portrait Collection - one blue archival box, the pictures arranged alphabetically.

Jepson Photograph Collection, including his many excursions, his Berkeley home on Mosswood, early forestry pictures, etc. Most of the photographs are now in topical albums (e.g., “Near East Photographs, 1926”), in one blue archival box.

2. Willis Linn Jepson Archives Collections not housed in the Jepson Library
(11 archival boxes, now moved into room 1020, the remainder scattered in the herbarium.

The historical (non-Helen-May/Jepson) Jepson collection represents the first herbarium archives to be organized, computered, and placed in standard archival boxes, starting after the move in late 1994 from the Marchant Building to herbarium archive spaces in the renovated Valley Life Sciences Building. The historical Jepson archives had been greatly augmented by this time with receipt of the extensive Helen-Mar Wheeler collection of Jepson material, in Dr. Wheeler’s custody since Jepson’s death, more than ten cardboard cartons mostly unorganized. By the time of the Jepson Herbarium’s 50th Anniversary in 2000, through part-time volunteer endeavor, this collection was almost completely inventoried, and most of the Jepson correspondence contained therein was organized and transcribed into the computer.

There is, however, a drawback to its use at present. When the original and Helen-Mar Wheeler collection were first catalogued, no regular archival boxes were available, and the archives were stored in a variety of cardboard cartons. When the first Heckard grant facilitated the purchse of archival boxes, and the collection began to be moved into such boxes, only four new boxes (all from the Helen-Mar collection) have been recatalogued and indexed to fit into the new type of box; and although much of the remaining Jepson collection is organized and indexed, it needs to be reindexed for the new box size. By the way, there remain a number of unsorted Jepson archival materials, still in old cardboard boxes, including many glass plates, framed photographs and portraits, hundreds of photographs of plants, carbon copis of Jepson’s unfinished Flora manuscript, etc. The Jepson personal collection also includes professional and personal items belonging to Jepson, including a dry-cleaning box containing his academic robe, etc. Unfortunately, at present there is not enough space in room 1020 for all the Jepson archives, and it remains scattered.

 

THE GENERAL HERBARIA ARCHIVES:

1. The field notebooks of botanists, currently arranged alphabetically by person on shelves in room 1003 AA. There are, in addition, additional botanists’ field books, in library locked cases and in individual botanists’ collection. These field books are especially valuable for the University and Jepson Herbaria, since they typically include in-the-field augmenting information for the preserved plant specimens.

  1. Allen, R. P.
  2. Anderson, C. L.
  3. Austin, Mrs. R. M.
  4. Babcock, Ernest B.
  5. Bacigalupi, Rimo
  6. Barber, J. H.
  7. Beal, Mary
  8. Belshaw, Charles
  9. Bracelin, Mrs. Floy
  10. Bufford, Virginia
  11. Burtt-Davy, Joseph
  12. Chandler, H. P.
  13. Chandler, Harley P.
  14. Chestnut, V. K.
  15. Dempster, Laura Mae (includes her 1960 trip to Akaska)
  16. Eyerdam, Walter J.
  17. Ferguson, Elizabeth Van E.
  18. Foster, Adriance S.
  19. Frost, Frederick H.
  20. Gillett, George W.
  21. Goddard, David R.
  22. Grant, Adele Lewis (includes two letter files)
  23. Gregory, Joseph T.
  24. Hall, Harvey M. and Harley P. Chandler
  25. Hass, George F. - Penstemon collection data (file box)
  26. Hackard, Lawrence
  27. Heckard, Lawrence R. and James C. Hickman
  28. Hesse, Vesta
  29. Hoover, Robert
  30. James, Doug
  31. Johnson, John W.
  32. King, Mary Alice
  33. Kuijt, Job
  34. Langenheim, Jean (includes Crested Butte, CO)
  35. Lee, Edward
  36. Lemmon, John (also see Lemmon Collection, and library locked case No. 1)
  37. Manning, Mary H.
  38. Mason, Herbert L.
  39. Mathias, Mildred E.
  40. McMillan, Calvin
  41. Moran, Reid
  42. Muth, G.
  43. Nelson, Donald G.
  44. Newlon, Dr. Lulu M.
  45. Ottley, Alice M.
  46. Paulina, Ruth
  47. Payune, Frances D.
  48. Purpus, C. A. - determinations; and Mexico list
  49. Quick, C. R.
  50. Reeve, Marian Enzler
  51. Robbins, G. Thomas
  52. Rock, Joseph F.
  53. Rodin, J. R.
  54. Setchell, William A. (Alaska)
  55. Smith, Charlotte N.
  56. Smith, May ??
  57. Smith, S. G.
  58. Sonne, Charles F.
  59. Strother, John L. (copy of his first field journals)
  60. Torrey and Gray, List of plants sent to
  61. Tracy, Joseph P.
  62. Tucker, John M.
  63. U.C. Botany Dept. Expedition to the Andes
  64. Vargas
  65. Vera [?]
  66. Walker, Harriet
  67. Woytkowski (Peru journal)
  68. Wright, Will S.
  69. Zamzoio, G. W.

2. Representative Archival Collections of Individual Botanists (many now in room 1003AA; others scattered. A number of these collections are still in cartons as they were initially received and have not yet been organized or indexed because of lack of archive staff. As time permits, they are being put in archival boxes, inventoried, indexed, letters transcribed, etc. For a large individual collection, such curating on a part-time, voluntary basis may take several years. At the end of this representative listing is described the large collection of John and Sarah Lemmon, which is currently being organized.

Ahart, Lowell - 1 box

Andes Expedition (two large cartons)

Bacigalupi, Rimo (photographs, corresondence, etc.; a number of boxes but only a few archival

Bailey, Harold S. and Virginia L. (1, in archival box, not sorted)

Baker, Herbert (1 archival box, and a carton)

Blockman, Mrs. Ida M. ( in archival box, not sorted)

Bowerman, Mary - seven archival boxes (unsorted and not catelogued), plus much additional material including distribution maps, books, etc.

Brandegee, Townshend and Kate (2 in archival boxes, partially sorted; plus ten file-boxes of correspondence from 1870)

Carter, Anita - a large number of cardboard boxes

Clemens - collection of letters

Clokey, Ire - Three archival boxes, including correspondence, etc. Currently being organized and catalogued for us by Barbara Houghton.

Constance, Lincoln (6 of correspondence, in archival boxes, plus an additional 5 archival boxes, and other materials.

Copeland, E. B. (large white box of Copeland illustrations etc.; and collection of letters

Cove, Marion - one box, and a box of herbarium botanist photographs

Dempster, Laura Mae - 2 boxes

Duncan, Tom - one box

Duran, Victor - 2 large file boxes of White Mountain field notes; one folder of copy of Duran’s White Mountains and Southern Sierra field notes, 1926-1930.

Epling, Carl - 2 boxes

Ertter, Barbara - two boxes

Grant, A. L. (two correspondence files, not in archival boxes)

Hall, Charlotte (two correspondence files, not archival; 2 archival boxes

Hall, H. N. - full letter file, including from 1901

Heckard, L. K. (2, in archival boxes, correspondence; plus other boxes)

Hoffman, Freed (one white box [from Kruckeberg, Dec. 03, mostly Streptanthus]; correspondence

Humphries, C. J. - 1 box of fungus slides

Hutchinson, Paul - Index cards for Peru

Lemmon, John and Sara - see summary at end of this list.

Mason, Herbert - a number of non-archival boxes

Mexia, Ynes - a large collection of boxes, unsorted

Norris, Daniel (1, in archival box, not sorted)

Ornduff, Robert (1 archival box, unorganized, and other collections)

Platt, P. H. (a life-long personal friend of Jepson’s) - 2 file boxes of letters, plus typed transcriptions, 1888-1928

Purpus, Dr. C. A. (1, in archival box, not sorted)

Robbins, G. T. - 3 boxes.

Rock, Joseph E.- correspondence collection

Smith, Charlotte (correspondence boxes)

Soroyan, J. Phillip (1 archival box, not sorted)

Stratford, Jack collectors notes. 1 box.

Tracy, J. P. - one file of large notebooks

University Herbarium- 5 boxes of correspondence, plus many boxes of personnel and business records.

The John and Sarah Plummer Lemmon Collection:

The organization of this important, comprehensive collection commenced about five years ago and should be completed in early 2007. John Lemmon, a survivor of the Confederate’s Andersonville Prison, was among the State of California’s earliest field botanists and official foresters, a prolific writer, lecturer, and plant collector. Sarah Plummer Lemmon, his wife, was not only a botanical field companion and illustrator, but in her own right an artist, writer, lecturer, Red Cross official, women’s rights activist, champion of California’a state flower, etc. The collection includes many, many hundred of letters which have now been transcribed and indexed. Included are more than fifty letters alone from Dr. and Mrs. Charles C. Parry, as well as more than a thousand other noteworthy correspondents, many of them noteworthy. To name a few of the more familiar correspondents: the Brandegees, Clara Barton (Sarah Lemmon worked with Barton for the American Red Cross), Yosemite’s Galen Clark, Luther Burbank, the California Forestry Commission, Columbia University’s N. L. Britton, the famous Oakland librarian Ina Coolbrith, Frederick Coville, Alice Eastwood, Daniel Eaton, George Engelmann, W. G. Farlow and Bernhard Fernow, Asa Gray and Serano Watson, Edward Lee Greene, John Harshberger, Joseph Hooker,. Yosemite’s J. M. Hutchings, Thomas Meehan, C. Hart Merriam, John Muir, Charles Orcutt, Samuel Parish, Charles Piper, Carl Purdy, Volney Rattan, Robert Ridgway, C. S. Sargent, Mrs. Leland Stanford, George Sudworth, George Vasey, Sereno Watson; and even a postcard from President Rutherford B. Hay’s son asking to buy some plants. This vast Lemmon material had been gathered together by Professor St. Johns of Washington State, a relative, who planned to do a biography of the Lemmons. When he retired, he took the collection to Hawaii with him, but eventually it came to the UC Herbarium, completely disorganized and unresearched. The Lemmon collection is in five organized archive boxes and also includes additional cartons filled with Lemmon field notebooks, manuscripts, publications (including his illustrated memoir of his stay in the notorious Confederate Andersonville Prison), photographs and glass photographic plates, field books, many publicatiions including books, pamphlets, newspaper and periodical articles, and personal items.

3. Special indexed correspondence collections:

Henry N. Bolander Correspondence (1861-1889)

Agassiz, Louis (1)

Austin, Coe F. (15)

Baird, Spencer (1)

Brewer, William (6)

Curtis, Moses (1)

de Condolle, Alphonse (3)

Eaton, Daniel C. (3)

Engelmann, George (47)

Farlow, William G. (2)

Gottsche, C. M. (1)

Gray, Asa (89)

Henry, Joseph (1)

Hooker, Joseph (7)

Koeber (1)

Lesquereux, Leo (23)

Lyell, Mrs. Charles (1)

Mann, Horace (2)

Maximowicz (4)

Muller, Jean (3)

Olney, Stephen (1)

Parry, Charles Christopher (1)

Philippi, R. A. (1)

Sargent, Charles S. (11)

Thompson, William (1)

Thurber, George (14)

Torrey, John (8)

Tuckerman, E. (1)

von Mueller, Ferdinand (3)

Watson, Sereno (6)

Wright, Charles (2)

Daniel Cleveland Correspondence—Letters and Postcards from Asa Gray:

1874: July 20 page 179-182

1874, Oct. 22 page 183-186

1874, Dec. 28 page 203-204 (postcard)

1875, Jan 29 page 175-178

1875, Feb. 15 page 187-190

1875, Feb. 24 page 205-206 (postcard)

1875, May 27 page 207-208 (postcard)

1875, July 5 page 209-210 (postcard)

1875, Aug. 13 page 191-194

1875? (no year), Sept. 15 page 245-246 (postcard)

1875, Sept. 29 page 243-244 (postcard)

1875, Sept. 31 page 195-198

1875, Oct. 3 page 251-

1875, Nov. 6 page 199-200

1875? n.d. page 249-250 (postcard)

1876, May 26 page 201-202

1876, May 29 page 211-212 (postcard)

1876, June 15. page 165-66.

1876, July 5 page 167-70

1876, July 26 page 247-248 (postcard)

1876, Nov. 7 page 171-174

1877, April 14 page 213-216

1877, May 10 page 217-220

1877, June 21 page 221-224 (including list of plants, page 225-228)

1877, Oct. 6 page 211-212 (postcard)

1878, March 15 page 229-232

1878, May 2 page 233-234

1882, June 7 page 239-240

1885, May 26 page 235-238

Dr. Daniel Cleveland Correspondence (1876-1898, other than Asa Gray, arranged by Willis Jepson):

Davenport, George C.

Gray, Asa

Greene, Edward Lee

Palmer, Edward

Parry, Charles Christopher

George Vasey

Serano Watson; and others

4. Photographic collections (now housed in a filing cabinet in the Jepson Library). This includes a large collection of botanist pictures filed alphabetically in large envelopes), the Cave collection of staff photographs, the Setchell 6 volumes of photographs, the photographs in the Parish guest books, etc.

5. Biographical file of past and current botanists (in folders, arranged alphabetically). This is in a file cabinet in the Jepson Library.

 

USE OF THE UNIVERSITY AND JEPSON HERBARIA ARCHIVES:

Although not necessarily widely recognized, and in no wise totally organized, this major collection, essentially post Civil War in its holdings, is in my estimation (as one who has researched at many herbarium archives), the major herbarium archives west of St. Louis; and for California botany it should be ranked premier.

The following list provides some representative requests, mainly since 2000, for UC herbaria archival information which have been processed (though not always successfully) by herbarium personnal, especially Beidleman and Ertter, as well as Wetherwax, Moe, and Kersh. Generally speaking, we do not keep track of herbarium in-house (= staff) requests, which on occasion are numerous. Unfortunately, outside requests have not been routinely logged, nor do we regularly keep track of the time needed to research and answer a request. In many cases, the information we provide has been used in publication (or for exhibition purposes); and we are often rewarded by receiving news items on the publication from the author for our herbarium library collection.

  1. Frank Starkey, Asst. Director, Conservation Dept., Catalina Island Conservancy, Avalon, CA. Information on Mrs. Blanche Trask, including possible photographs for exhibition purposes. September 2005.
  2. Bob Allen, Fullerton, information on botanist Theodore Payne, who collected plants in Orange County in early 1930s, and Mary Alice King., a young plant collector and teacher who had hoped for a teachng position at Mills College. Jan/Feb. 2005.
  3. Dr. Peter Wild, University of Arizona, Tucson. Information from Jepson correspondence and field notebooks on Mary Beal, J. Smeaton Chase, Van Dyke Ranch, and the town of Daggett, in the Mohave Desert country. Numerous requests over recent years.
  4. Brian Burd, Santa Cruz Island Foundation, information on Mrs. Blanche Trask, including correspondence and photographs for exhibition purposes. November 2005; more recently. information on William Gambel’s collections on Santa Catalina Island, etc.
  5. Gail Binder, Oakland Museum of California, materials on John and Sarah Lemmon and Mary Mills for special museum exhibition. January 2003.
  6. David Nicolai, Director, Pardee Home Museum, Oakland, material on Sarah Lemmon, especially with respect to the selection of the California Poppy as the state flower, 2003.
  7. Elise Brewster, San Francisco Estuary Institute, flora information relative to the East Bay, including field work by Bolander. For the Habitat Goals Project, 1998-1999.
  8. Barbara Houghton, San Francisco, material on botanist Ira Clokey for eventual preparation of a biography. Note: Mrs. Boughton is now organizing and adding to the extensive Clokey collection for the Herbarium Archives! 2005-2006. [note: Mrs. Houghton, a former librarian whose husband is a descendent of Clokey, is now organizing and adding to the Clokey collection for the Archives]
  9. Dr. Rhoda Love, photograph of Oregon botanist L. F. Henderson, Oct. 1999; information on role of Helen Gilkey and Joyce Saunders as ilustrators for Willis Jepson publications. March/April 2004.
  10. Sharon Rose, Willamette University, information on botanist/artist Helen Gilkey. September, 2002.
  11. Dr. James Reveal, information on Mrs. L. A. M. Black, botanical collector. April, 2003.
  12. Dan Miller, Aptos, CA, information from Jepson field books on circle of redwoods near Mill Valley, described in 1898. Note: Miller actually rediscovered the original redwood circle and is preparing an article on the find. October, 2004.
  13. Dick O’Donnell, Berkeley, information on Willis Jepson’s field work, especially in the St. Helena area, with among other things, a focus on his ideas relative to floral endemism. April/May 2006.
  14. Barbara R. Stein, relations between Annie Alexander and Willis Jepson, in preparation of her biography on Annie Alexander (Univ. Calif. Press). February 2000.
  15. Douglas S. McElwain, Saratoga, CA, information on botanical artist Ethel M. Wickes. March/April 2005.
  16. Michael Hargraves, J. Paul Getty Museum, Los Angeles, early photographys by Carleton Watkins. January, 2005.
  17. Arnold Tiehm, information on Georgia Bentley who was an instructor at Sacramento Junior College in the 1920s. Jan/Feb. 2002.
  18. Bill McClintock, information on Jepson field work in Claremont Canyon.
  19. Bonnie J. Gisel, John Muir National Historic Site, information on John Muir and Willis Jepson, especially with respect to Yosemite National Park. Ca 2003; and again September, 2006, about specimens in the UC herbaria possibly collected by John Muir
  20. Dr. James P. Smith, Humboldt State University, identification of participants in group photograph of International Phytogeographic Excursion at Mariposa Grove (Yosemite) in 1911. May 2006 and again Sept.. 2006.
  21. Historic photographs from the Herbarium Archives for Lincoln Constance 90th birthday celebration at UC Berkeley.
  22. Information on Chester Post, ca 1900 botanical photographer.
  23. Carrie Miner, information on John and Sarah Lemmon’s trip to the Santa Catalina Mountains in Arizona. June, 2005.
  24. Wayne Ferren, University of California at Santa Barbara, information on the Santa Barbara Society of Natural History.
  25. Ellen Byrne, Sierra Club Colby Library, information on photograph of Willis Jepson with Sierra Club outing ca 1910.
  26. John Adams, information on Theodore Payne. March 2004.
  27. Roy van de Hock, Catalina Island. Material on Mrs. Trask at Catalina Island and possibly St. Miguel Island. Feb/March 2003.
  28. Dr. Tim McCabe, New York State Museum, possible Kate Brandegee drawings of caterpillars.
  29. V. S. Smocovitis, examination of Bacigalupi papers. Jan. 1999.
  30. Marcos Cueto, information on two Peru botanists. Dec. 1998.
  31. Peninsula Library System, source of several Willis Jepson quotations. May, 1999.
  32. Matt Stevenson, UC Bartolome Lab, German plant collector Dr. C. A. Purpus. Feb. 2005.
  33. Steve Junak, Santa Barbara Botanical Garden, any Jepson information on Santa Barbara botanists. February, 1990.
  34. E. C. Nelson, Archives of Natural History (England), William Robinson’s visit to the United Sates in 2001. February, 2003.
  35. Arthur Kruckeberg, Dec. 2001, Jepson and serpentine plants.
  36. Bill Bade, Jepson and Dr. William Bade in the Near East, 1926.
  37. Diane Boyer, U.S.G.S. information on Jepson photographs, observations., re changes on the lower Colorado River.. April, 2004
  38. Betsy Ringgold, the UC # and specific date of Willis Jepson’s Ph.D. degree.
  39. Fosiee Tahbaz, photographs for “100 Years of Botany at UC“ exhibit. Dec.1999.
  40. Barstow Museum, Barstow, CA. Willis Jepson’s visits to Barstow and his trip down the Colorado River.
  41. John Bailey. Information on botanists Harold and Viriginia Bailey.
  42. Felicitas Titsu, Berkeley City Club. Information on von Chamisso.
  43. Eric Grove, British Museum of Natural History. Archibald Menzies in California.

 

APPENDIX: Background on the recent history of the Archives:

There are some important periods recently for the University and Jepson Herbaria Archives at the University of California, Berkeley, which have affected the optimum operation of the archives.

1. The interim location at the Marchant Building on San Pablo Avenue, while the Valley Life Sciences Building was undergoing major renevation on campus: With respect to the herbaria archives, they were mainly stored in an assortment of cardboard boxes. There were no regular archival boxes, nor were there archival folders for correspondence collections. Furthermore, initially there was limited inventorying of box contents, little if any indexing, and minimal transcription of letters. The boxes had cryptic labels on the ouside as to contents, e. g. “Lemmon Plates“.

2. The preparation for the move to the campus during the 1993-94 period: As the move time approached, in late February of 1993 a relatively detailed inventory of each collection was made, with contents put into a computer list, and then each collection was labeled with an inventory number, prior to the move. A complete computer printout was made of the entire collection.

3. The move to campus occurred about November of 1994. For the move itself, small labeled boxes were often put by the movers into larger boxes in no order. For all the large cardboard moving boxes, special new moving labels were affixed with new numbers. A floor map of the new herbaria spaces had been prepared, with assigned room numbers; and on the new moving labels the proper (archive) room number was applied. In the process most of the original inventory numbers were lost, except for smaller boxes which had been stored in the larger cartons. To compound matters, upon arrival at the Life Sciences Building, there was haphazard unpacking, and many collections were moved from one box to another. It has still been difficult to locate some of the smaller collections without going through every remaining moving carton.

4. With the move completed, when the first heavy rains commenced, there should have been attention paid to the little note, written in the margin of the floor plan, about the assigned archive spaces. It read: “If unacceptable, Put in Cryptogamic Library.” Needless to say, since 1995, during heavy rains the two archives spaces have flooded prodigiously, wetting collection boxes and some collections, archival supplies, etc. Repeated attempts to repair the ceiling leaks have proved ineffective; and plastic sheets now cover what remains of the collections and other stored items in these spaces, many of the latter having absolutely nothing to do with herbaria archives. Boxes in danger during leaks were temporarily moved into, among other places, the already crowded Cryptogamic Library. Recently this year the more valuable collections, especially those which have been inventoried and are in special archival boxes, have been put in two storerooms near the Jepson Library.

5. Meanwhile, the large Helen-Mar Wheeler/Jepson archive collection, which had been with Helen-Mar Wheeler in the Eureka, California area since her retirement, returned to the Jepson Herbarium, was intensively catalogued, organized into non-archival boxes, much of the correspondense transcribed into the computer, and a complete inventory printing made. When funds became available, part of this collection was transferred to new archival boxes and the boxes renumbered. The remaining portions of the Helen-Mar Collection still need to be moved into archival boxes and renumbered in the computer. Until the collection is completely transferred to new boxes and renumbered on the boxes and in the computer, the old catalogue will be difficult to use.

6. In 2000, work commenced with the immense John and Saral Lemmon collection, which is rich in diversified correspondence now being transcribed into the computer; and there only remain about 300 more letters to transcribe . There are now five completed Lemmon archive boxes, with several more cardboard boxes remaining to be inventoried.

7. At no time have there been any funds or regular personnel associated with the operation of the archives. Fortunately, an initial Heckard Grant was applied for and received, which permitted the movement of inventoried collections into special archival boxes, with in correspondence collections the letters put into archival folders. While most of these supplies have run out, another Heckard Grant has been received for additional archive supplies, and for large, moveable storage racks now on hand for the archive boxes. The remaining problem is locating suitable space for the herbaria archival collections.