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Gayralia oxysperma (Kützing) Vinogradova ex Scagel et al.

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drawing of Gayralia oxysperma
Synonyms:
Monostroma oxyspermum (Kützing) Doty, Ulvaria oxysperma (Kützing) Bliding, Monostroma latissimum Wittrock, M. orbiculatum Thuret, M. quaternarium (Kützing) P. Crouan et H. Crouan
Illustrations:
Abbott and Hollenberg 1976, p. 67, fig. 20 (habit); Bliding 1969, p. 586, fig. 31 (photos): A, B (habit), C–F (surface views, vegetative plants), p. 588, fig. 32 (photos): A, B (surface views, vegetative and reproductive plants), C–E (x-sections, vegetative plants), F (biflagellate neutral swarmers), G–J (germlings in culture); Golden and Garbary 1984, p. 328, fig. 31 (photo: habit), figs. 32–35 (photos: surface views, vegetative plants), fig. 36 (photo: biflagellate swarmers); Kapraun 1984, p. 81, fig. 10 (photo: habit); Scagel 1966, pl. 20, fig. C (surface view, vegetative plant), pl. 21, fig. B (x-section, vegetative plant) Display references
Pacific Coast Distribution:
Unalaska I., Aleutian Is., Alaska (Setchell and Gardner 1903, p. 207) to Monterey Peninsula, Calif. (Hollenberg and Abbott 1966, p. 11); Estero Punta Banda, Baja Calif. (R. Aguilar Rosas 1982, p. 84); Puerto Quepos, Costa Rica (Kapraun and Flynn 1973, p. 145) Display references
Taxonomy:
Burrows 1991, p. 61; Golden and Garbary 1984, p. 327; O'Kelly et al. 1984, p. 190; Tatewaki 1972; Bliding 1969, p. 585; Doty 1947, p. 12 Display references
Life History:
sexual reproduction lacking, plants recycling by means of biflagellate and quadriflagellate zoospores (Golden and Garbary 1984, p. 327; Kapraun and Flynn 1973, p. 148; Bliding 1969, p. 587) Display references
Biology/Ecology:
Flavier and Zingmark 1993; Thom 1984a, p. 54; T. Turner 1983a, p. 63; Pomeroy 1977, p. 41; Prange 1976, p. 94 Display references
Ultrastructure:
O'Kelly et al. 1984; Hoops et al. 1982; Hori 1972 Display references

 
J F M A M J J A S O N D
BRITISH
COLUMBIA
Repr    xxxx             Common, in pools and the low intertidal, on stones, shells or floating. Scagel 1957, p. 35. Scagel 1966, p. 39. Hawkes et al. 1979, p. 90. Garbary et al. 1985, p. 44. Display references
Ster xxxxxxxxxxxx
                       
COLUMBIA
RIVER
Repr                         Common, throughout the tidal range, in bays, brackish water, and freshwater lakes, in sand at Chetco Cove. Doty 1947, p. 12. Display references
Ster                        
                       
CAPE
ARAGO
Repr                         Uncommon, in tidepools throughout the tidal range, at Trinidad dock and on mud flats of Humboldt Bay. Dawson 1965a, p. 6. Display references
Ster  x  x  x          x
                       
CAPE
MENDOCINO
Repr                         Uncommon, on stones or epiphytic in brackish water throughout the tidal range. Kjeldsen 1995, p. 8. Display references
Ster      xxx            
                       
POINT
ARENA
Repr                         Uncommon, on rocks, stones, or epiphytic throughout the tidal range. Kjeldsen 1995, p. 8. Display references
Ster  xxxxx            
                       
SAN
FRANCISCO
Repr                         Uncommon, in ditches and marshes at river mouths, and in quiet brackish waters, throughout the tidal range. Hollenberg and Abbott 1966, p. 11 [621]. Silva 1979, p. 339. Display references
Ster x  xxx              
                       

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Page dated: Mon Feb 13 21:24:48 2006
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