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Enteromorpha prolifera (O. F. Müller) J. Agardh

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drawing of Enteromorpha prolifera
in part from Scagel 196
Note:
The genus Enteromorpha was merged with Ulva by Hayden et al. 2003. Display references
Synonyms:
Enteromorpha compressa var. prolifera (O. F. Mueller) Greville
Illustrations:
Abbott and Hollenberg 1976, p. 75, fig. 33 (habit); Bliding 1963, p. 47, fig. 19 (photos): a–c (habit), d–f (surface views, vegetative plants), p. 48, fig. 20 (photos): a, b (habit), c (female gametes), d (male gametes), e (zoospores), f (germlings), p. 49, fig. 31: a–d, f (surface views, vegetative plants), e (branching detail), g (x-sections, stipe and blade); Kapraun 1970, p. 250, figs. 15, 16 (photos: habit), p. 255, figs. 33–36 (photos: male and female gametophytes and sporophytes in culture), p. 262, figs. 57–59 (photos: surface views, vegetative plants with branching detail), p. 266, figs. 71–73 (photos: surface views, vegetative plants); Kapraun, 1984: p. 89, fig. 29 (photo: habit); Koeman and van den Hoek 1982b, p. 50, fig. 34 (male gametophyte with gametes), figs. 35, 36 (female gametophytes with gametes), fig. 37 (sporophyte with zoospores), fig. 41 (habit, unspecified phase), figs. 42–47 (habit, cultured plants), p. 51, figs. 49–53 (photos: surface views, vegetative plants); Kornmann and Sahling 1977, p. 70, fig. 32 (photos): A (habit), B (basal portions of plants), C (surface view, gametophyte); Scagel 1966, pl. 28, fig. E (habit), fig. F (branching detail), fig. G (surface view, vegetative plant) Display references
Pacific Coast Distribution:
Port Clarence, Seward Peninsula, Alaska (Collins 1927, p. 6) to Monterey Peninsula, Calif. (Abbott and Hollenberg 1976, p. 77); Morro Bay, San Luis Obispo Co., Calif. (Sparling 1977, p. 29); Chula Vista, San Diego Bay, Calif. (Cooper 322 in UC); Gulf of California (Isla Tiburón, Sonora: Mendoza González and Mateo Cid 1986, p. 419; to La Paz, Baja Calif.: Dawson 1944a, p. 204) Display references
Taxonomy:
Burrows 1991, p. 90; Koeman and van den Hoek 1982b, p. 48; Bliding 1963, p. 45; Setchell and Gardner 1920b, p. 254 Display references
Molecular Taxonomy:
Freshwater et al. 1990 Display references
Phenology:
K. Kim et al. 1991 Display references
Chromosomes:
Kapraun and Bailey 1992 Display references
Biology/Ecology:
Flavier and Zingmark 1993; Jónsson et al. 1985; Pregnall and Rudy 1985, p. 170; Pomeroy 1977, p. 41; Pomeroy and Stockner 1976, p. 1179; Kapraun 1970 Display references
Morphology:
T. Lee and Wichroski 1996; K. Kim et al. 1991 Display references
Physiology:
O'Brien and Wheeler 1987; Pregnall 1983; Munda 1979 Display references

 
J F M A M J J A S O N D
BRITISH
COLUMBIA
Repr              x         Common, in pools, low intertidal and subtidal, on sticks and stones or floating in moderately sheltered bays. Scagel 1957, p. 42. Scagel 1966, p. 54. Scagel 1973, p. 131. Hawkes et al. 1979, p. 89. Display references
Ster        xxxxx      
                       
COLUMBIA
RIVER
Repr                         Common throughout the range in a confusing array of forms, in an almost freshwater pool at the 8 foot level. Doty 1947, p. 14. Display references
Ster        x  x        x
                       
CAPE
ARAGO
Repr                         Common, on rocks and wood in the high intertidal.
Ster    xxxxx    x    
                       
CAPE
MENDOCINO
Repr                         Rare (H. E. Brown in UC).
Ster        xx            
                       
POINT
ARENA
Repr                         Abundant, on rocks and epiphytic in pools, low intertidal and subtidal in sheltered habitats. Johansen 1966a, p. 86. Kjeldsen 1995, pp. 7, 8. Display references
Ster  xx    x    x  xx
                       
SAN
FRANCISCO
Repr                         Uncommon, floating and attached to mud, rocks, or wood in bays and estuaries, throughout the intertidal (J. Norris in UC). Silva 1979, p. 341 Display references
Ster xxxxxxx  x    x
                       

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Page dated: Mon Feb 13 21:24:48 2006
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