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Scytosiphon lomentaria (Lyngbye) Link

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drawing of Scytosiphon lomentaria
section with plurilocular organs and paraphyses after Setchell and Gardner 1925
Synonyms:
Scytosiphon simplicissimus (Clemente) Cremades
Illustrations:
Abbott and Hollenberg 1976, p. 199, fig. 162 (habit); Kornmann and Sahling 1977, p. 139, fig. 74 (photos: habit); Scagel 1967, p. 109, fig. 40a (habit), fig. 40b (x-section, vegetative anatomy); Setchell and Gardner 1925, pl. 44, fig. 72 (x-section, vegetative anatomy); Waaland 1977, pl. 5, lower right (photo: habit); Wynne 1969a, pl. 14 (photos: habit, field-collected erect plants), pls. 15–17 (cultured erect and crustose plants) Display references
Pacific Coast Distribution:
Erect thalli: Port Clarence, Bering Sea, Alaska (Setchell 1899, p. 591) to Monterey Peninsula, Calif. (Smith 1944, p. 129); San Luis Obispo Co., Calif. (Sparling 1977, p. 38); Government Pt., Santa Barbara Co., Calif. to Islas San Benito, Baja Calif. (Dawson 1953b, p. 117); Channel Is., Calif. (San Miguel I.: Miller in UC; Santa Rosa I.: Murray and Littler 1989, p. 67; Santa Cruz I.: Apt et al. 1988, p. 42; San Nicolas I., Santa Catalina I.: Nicholson and Cimberg 1971, p. 377; San Clemente I.: Sims 1974, p. 16); Crustose thalli: Duxbury Reef, Marin Co., Calif (Wynne 1969a, p. 33) Display references
Molecular Taxonomy:
G. Cho et al. 2001; Tan and Druehl 1996; Tan and Druehl 1994; Tan and Druehl 1993 Display references
Life History:
highly variable and plastic, affected by daylength, temperature, and geography, involving tubular erect thalli bearing plurilocular sporangia and crustose Ralfsia-like thalli bearing unilocular thalli, but the two phases alternating facultatively with or without the intervention of sexual reproduction (anisogamy) (tom Dieck 1987; Lüning 1980b; Clayton 1980; Clayton 1978; Clayton 1976; Roberts and Ring 1972; Wynne 1972b, p. 133; Wynne 1969a, p. 31; Lund 1966; Tatewaki 1966; Frye 1930; Frye and Phifer 1930) Display references
Molecular Genetics:
Kawai et al. 1995 Display references
Biology/Ecology:
Aguilar Rosas and Machado Galindo 1990, p. 188; Lüning 1990; Shannon et al. 1988a; Lüning and Freshwater 1988, p. 310; tom Dieck 1987; Dethier 1984, p. 106; Munda 1984; Dring and Lüning 1983; Littler and Littler 1984; Littler and Arnold 1982, p. 309; Lubchenco 1982; Lüning 1982 p. 51; Stewart 1982, p. 53; Dethier 1981, p. 335; Lubchenco and Cubit 1980, p. 677; Lüning 1980b; Thom 1980a, p. 9; Thom 1980b, p. 105; Devinny 1978, p. 358; Emerson and Zedler 1978, p. 318; Littler and Murray 1978, p. 588; Murray and Littler 1978, p. 509; Dayton 1975, p. 140; Littler and Murray 1975, p. 281; Murray and Littler 1974, p. 72; Carefoot 1973, p. 229; Rhodes and Connell 1973; Lüning and Dring 1973; Paine and Vadas 1969b, p. 80; R. Lee 1965a, p. 15; R. Lee 1965b, p. 113; Scagel 1961, p. 528 Display references
Epiphytes:
Erythrocladia irregularis, Haplogloia andersonii
Morphology:
Aa. Kristiansen et al. 1994; Aa. Kristiansen et al. 1991 Display references
Ultrastructure:
Katsaros et al. 1994; Clayton and Beakes 1983; Cole 1970, p. 275 Display references
Physiology:
R. Schmid et al. 1994; Lüning 1990; Dring and Lüning 1975a; Dring and Lüning 1975b Display references
Chemistry:
Stefanov et al. 1996 Noda et al. 1990, p. 578; Zavodnik 1981; Ragan and Jensen 1979; Rönnerstrand 1943, p. 48 Display references
Economic Applications:
Mumford 1980, p. 16 Display references

Pl=plurilocular; U=unilocular; S=sterile
J F M A M J J A S O N D
BRITISH
COLUMBIA
Pl    xxxxxxxx     "Gametophytes": common, on rocks in pools, in the mid and low intertidal, in moderately sheltered to moderately exposed habitats. Scagel 1957, p. 88. Scagel 1973, p. 135. Hawkes et al. 1979, p. 95. (unilocular upright plant in UBC). Display references
U    x                  
S  xxxxxxxx      
COLUMBIA
RIVER
Pl      xxxx           "Gametophytes": common, in tide pools at high tide. Doty 1947, p. 37 (also as Scytosiphon complanata). Sanborn and Doty 1947, p. 29. Markham and Celestino 1977, p. 254 (= source of unilocular upright plant). Display references
U            x          
S  xxxxxxxx      
CAPE
ARAGO
Pl  xxxxxx    x     "Gametophytes": common, on rocks in pools in the upper and mid intertidal. Dawson 1965a, p. 17. Display references
U                        
S  xxxxxxxxxx  
CAPE
MENDOCINO
Pl      x                 "Gametophytes": common, on rocks in tide pools of the mid and upper intertidal. Dawson 1965a, p. 17. Kjeldsen 1995, p. 30. Display references
U                        
S  xxxxx            
POINT
ARENA
Pl                    x   "Gametophytes": common, on rocks in tide pools of the mid and upper intertidal, in exposed habitats. Johansen 1966a, p. 101. Kjeldsen 1995, p. 30. "Sporophyte": crust on rock in the intertidal. Wynne 1969a, p. 33. Display references
U                    x  
S  xxxxxx  x  x  
SAN
FRANCISCO
Pl    xxxxx           "Gametophytes": common, on rocks in tide pools of the mid and low intertidal. Smith 1944, p. 129. Display references
U                        
S xx                x  

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Page dated: Mon Feb 13 21:24:26 2006
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