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Sargassum muticum (Yendo) Fensholt

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drawing of Sargassum muticum
Synonyms:
Sargassum kjellmanianum f. muticum Yendo
Illustrations:
Abbott and Hollenberg 1976, p. 276, fig. 220 (habit); Critchley et al. 1990, p. 553, fig. 1 (details of thallus); Fensholt 1955, p. 309, figs. 11–16 (development of conceptacles), pp. 316, 318, figs. 40–49 (photos: development of oogonia and antheridia), p. 320, figs. 50, 51 (photos: habit); Fletcher 1980, p. 429, figs. 7–10 (photos: development of embryonic thallus from zygote); Fletcher and Fletcher 1975a, p. 153, figs. 5–11 (photos: eggs and antherozoids), p. 154, figs. 12–17 (photos: development of thallus from zygote) Scagel 1967, p. 165, fig. 68 (habit and details); Silva 1979, p. 333, fig. 9 (photo: habit); Waaland 1977, p. 67, fig. 21 (habit) Display references
Pacific Coast Distribution:
sporadic, as introduced weed, from Sea Otter Sound, east of Davidson Inlet, Alaska (Lindstrom 1977, p. 79) to Bahía Tortugas, Baja Calif. (Espinoza 1990, p. 193); Islas Los Coronados: Miller in UC; Channel Is., Calif. (Santa Cruz I.: Apt et al. 1988, p. 42;, Anacapa I., San Clemente I.: Murray and Littler 1989, p. 68; San Nicolas I., Santa Barbara I.: Miller in UC; Santa Catalina, I.: Murray 1974, p. 41) Display references
Taxonomy:
Fensholt 1955 Display references
Molecular Taxonomy:
Rousseau et al. 1997 Display references
Phylogeny:
Draisma et al. 2001 Display references
Life History:
diplontic, with a diploid thallus producing eggs and antherozoids (Fletcher and Fletcher 1975a) Display references
Biology/Ecology:
Andrew and Viejo 1998; Viejo 1997; K. Wilson et al. 1995; R. Aguilar Rosas and Machado Galindo 1990; Critchley et al. 1990 (comprehensive bibliographic review); Espinoza 1990, p. 193; Fernández et al. 1990; Givernaud et al. 1990; Hales and Fletcher 1990; Lüning 1990; DeWreede and Vandermeulen 1988, p. 469; Lüning and Freshwater 1988, p. 312; Littler and Littler 1987; Paula and Eston 1987; DeWreede 1985, p. 157; Foster and Schiel 1985, p. 25; Gunnill 1985, p. 150; Critchley and Dijkema 1984; Deysher 1984; DeWreede 1983; Ambrose and Nelson 1982; Stewart 1982, p. 53; Nicholson et al. 1981; Norton 1981; DeWreede 1980; Gunnill 1980a; Thom 1980a, p. 9; DeWreede 1979; Devinny 1978, p. 358; Norton 1977b; Jamison 1972, p. 354; Kjeldsen and Phinney 1972, p. 306; Neushul 1967, p. 85; Druehl 1967a, p. 42; Widdowson 1965b, p. 1428; Scagel 1963, p. 48; Stephenson and Stephenson 1961a, p. 8; Stephenson and Stephenson 1961b, p. 228; Outram 1957, p. 2 Display references
Morphology:
Norton 1977a; Fletcher and Fletcher 1975b Display references
Chemistry:
Polne-Fuller et al. 1990, p. 409; Ragan and Glombitza 1986, p. 191; Whyte and Englar 1983, p. 163 Glombitza et al. 1982; Glombitza et al. 1978 Display references
Economic Applications:
Gellenbeck et al. 1988; North and James 1987; Mumford 1980, p. 19 Display references

Pl=plurilocular; U=unilocular; S=sterile
J F M A M J J A S O N D
BRITISH
COLUMBIA
Pl                         Common, on rocks in pools, the low intertidal and subtidal, in fully sheltered to moderately exposed habitats. Scagel 1957, p. 123. Scagel 1973, p. 135. Display references
U        xxxxxx    
S xxxxxxxxxxxx
COLUMBIA
RIVER
Pl                         Locally abundant, floating in the surf at Newport, Ore. (W. H. Hansen 21-V-49: UC 1142800). Markham and Celestino 1977, p. 259. Display references
U          xxx        
S    xxxx            
CAPE
ARAGO
Pl                         Locally abundant, on rocks, in tide pools in the low intertidal. Dawson 1965a, p. 20. Display references
U        xxxx    x  
S  xxxxxxxxxx  
CAPE
MENDOCINO
Pl                        
U                        
S                        
POINT
ARENA
Pl                         Uncommon, on rocks in mud (Tomales Bay, Sonoma Co.). Kjeldsen 1995, pp. 29, 30. Display references
U                        
S    x                  
SAN
FRANCISCO
Pl                         Common, on rocks in low intertidal and upper subtidal in San Francisco Bay. Silva 1979, p. 338. Display references
U      xxxxx    x  
S      xxxxxxxxx

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Page dated: Mon Feb 13 21:24:26 2006
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