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Ralfsia fungiformis (Gunnerus) Setchell et Gardner

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drawing of Ralfsia fungiformis
habit and radial section
Illustrations:
Abbott and Hollenberg 1976, p. 168, fig. 132 (x-section, vegetative anatomy); Edelstein et al. 1968, p. 158, fig. 1 (photo: habit), figs. 2, 5 (photo: x-section, plurilocular organs), figs. 3, 4 (photo: x-section, unilocular organs), fig. 6 (photo: x-section, plurilocular organs detail); Hollenberg 1969, p. 300, fig. 29 (x-section, vegetative crust); Lüning 1990, p. 188, fig. 3.15 (photo: habit); Tanaka and Chihara 1980a, p. 198, fig. 3f (x-section, plurilocular organ); Tanaka and Chihara 1980b, p. 228, fig. 1c (photo: x-section, vegetative anatomy), p. 234, fig. 3 (x-section, vegetative anatomy) Display references
Pacific Coast Distribution:
Port Clarence, Bering Strait, Alaska (Setchell and Gardner 1903, p. 253, as R. deusta) to San Francisco Bay, Calif. (Silva 1979, p. 335); Bahía Manzanillo, Colima, México (Mateo Cid and Mendoza González 1991, p. 23) Display references
Taxonomy:
Tanaka and Chihara 1980a, p. 198; Tanaka and Chihara 1980b; Hollenberg 1969, p.295 Display references
Molecular Taxonomy:
Tan and Druehl 1994; Display references
Life History:
unilocular and plurilocular organs reported on the same and on separate plants, but no culture information is available (Edelstein et al. 1968) Display references
Phenology:
plants are unilocular and plurilocular in the north and sterile in the south.
Biology/Ecology:
Dethier et al. 1991, p. 203; Lüning 1990; DeWreede and Vandermeulen 1988, p. 471; Farrell 1988, p. 194; Dethier 1987, p. 1840; Foreman 1977, p. 479; R. Lee 1965b, p. 113; R. Lee 1965a, p. 15 Display references
Chemistry:
Ackman and McLachlan 1979, p. 430 Display references

 
J F M A M J J A S O N D
BRITISH
COLUMBIA
Pl xxxxxxx    x  x Common, on rocks in the mid and low intertidal in moderately sheltered to moderately exposed habitats. Scagel 1957, p. 73. Scagel 1973, p. 135. Hawkes et al. 1979, p. 95. Dethier 1987, p. 1840. Dethier et al. 1991, p. 203. Display references
U x        x        xx
S x  xxxxxxxx    
COLUMBIA
RIVER
Pl x      x  xx         Uncommon, on rocks. Doty 1947, p. 33. Sanborn and Doty 1947, p. 27. Markham and Celestino 1977, p. 259. Display references
U x      x  x          
S          xx          
CAPE
ARAGO
Pl                         Rare, on rocks. Hollenberg 1969, p. 300. Display references
U                        
S        x              
CAPE
MENDOCINO
Pl                        
U                        
S                        
POINT
ARENA
Pl                         Uncommon, on rocks throughout the intertidal. (Coleman Beach, Shell Beach, and Horseshoe Cove, Bodega Head, Sonoma Co.). Kjeldsen 1995, p. 29. Display references
U                        
S  x      xxx  xx  
SAN
FRANCISCO
Pl                         Silva 1979, p. 335. (DeCew in UC). Display references
U                        
S                        

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Page dated: Mon Feb 13 21:24:26 2006
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