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Laminaria saccharina (Linnaeus) Lamouroux

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drawing of Laminaria saccharina
Illustrations:
Sporophyte: Cameron 1912, pl. XIII, fig. 1 (photo: habit); Druehl 1968, pl. IV, fig. 15 (photo: habit, bullate blade), fig. 16 (photo: habit, nonbullate blade), pl. V, fig. 26 (photo, x-section, blade anatomy), pl. VIII, fig. 47 (habit); Kornmann and Sahling 1977, fig. 77A–C (photos; habit); Scagel 1967, p. 123, fig. 47a (habit) Display references
Pacific Coast Distribution:
Alaska (50 miles SW of Pt. Barrow: Lindstrom 1977, p. 69; Adak I., Aleutian Is.: Druehl 1968, p. 544) to Tacoma, Wash. (Scagel 1957, p. 97); Coos Bay, Ore. (Doty 1947, p. 39); Humboldt Bay, Humboldt Co., California (HSC 7265, HSC 7051); San Francisco Bay, California (Silva in UC); Capitola, Santa Cruz Co. (UC 970847) Display references
Taxonomy:
Druehl, Foottit et al. 1988; Fain et al. 1988, p. 293; Druehl 1968, p. 544; Druehl 1965, p. 22 Display references
Life History:
alternation of heteromorphic phases, with a macroscopic sporophyte and dioecious microscopic gametophytes (Druehl and Hsiao 1969; Sauvageau 1916); production of zoospores by embryonic sporophyte reported by Pascher (1918); parthenogenetic haploid sporophytes reported by Schreiber (1930) Display references
Chromosomes:
Cole 1967b, p. 523 Display references
Genetics:
tom Dieck and Oliveira 1993; Neefus et al. 1993; Bhattacharya, Mayes et al. 1991; Druehl et al. 1989; Bolton et al. 1983 Display references
Biology/Ecology:
Gevaert et al. 2001; Dean et al. 2000; Hanelt et al. 1997; Peters and Schaffelke 1996; Schaffelke et al. 1996; tom Dieck 1992; Kluijver 1991, p. 331; Lüning 1990; Williams and Herbert 1989; Foster et al. 1988, p. 9; Apt 1988c, p. 212; Lüning and Freshwater 1988, p. 312; Rosell and Srivastava 1987; Chung and Brinkhuis 1986; J. Lee and Brinkhuis 1986; Schiel and Foster 1986, p. 274; Dayton 1985, p. 217; Levings et al. 1983, p. 1127; Lüning 1982; Hodgson and Waaland 1980, p. 110; Lüning 1980a; Pomeroy and Levings 1980, p. 3 (as Laminaria sp.); Schatz 1980; Thom 1980a, p. 9; Andrews 1977, p. 1021; Hruby 1976; Hruby 1975, p. 882; Lüning and Dring 1975; Nassichuk 1975, p. 8; Kjeldsen and Phinney 1972, p. 305; Lüning and Dring 1972; Druehl 1970, p. 239; Paine and Vadas 1969b, p. 80; Druehl 1967a, p. 42, Druehl 1967b; Stephenson and Stephenson 1961a, p. 18; Scagel 1961, p. 528 Display references
Morphology:
Ar Gall et al. 1996 Display references
Ultrastructure:
Henry and Cole 1982a, p. 551; Henry 1980, p. 9; Oliveira et al. 1980; Bisalputra et al. 1971 Display references
Physiology:
Gerard and Driscoll 1996; Davison and Machalek 1995; Henley and Dunton 1995; Machalek and Davison 1995; R. Schmid et al. 1994; Han and Kain 1993; Lüning 1990; Amat and Srivastava 1985; Popovic et al. 1983; Duncan and Harrison 1982, p. 446; K. Schmitz 1982, p. 171; Kremer 1981, p. 504; Oliveira et al. 1980; Hsiao and Druehl 1973a; Hsiao and Druehl 1973b; Hsiao and Druehl 1973c; Lüning et al. 1973; Lüning and Dring 1972; Hsiao and Druehl 1971; Cole 1964 (as Laminaria sp.) Display references
Biophysics:
Gerard 1987 Display references
Chemistry:
Gerwick et al. 1993, p. 662; Proteau and Gerwick 1993; Whyte and Englar 1983, p. 163; Hoppe and Levring 1982, p. 12; Ragan and Jensen 1979 Display references
Economic Applications:
Petrell and Alie 1996; Rorrer et al. 1996; Petrell et al. 1993; Lloyd 1989; Druehl 1988, p. 121; Druehl and Boal 1981, p. 578; Mumford 1980, p. 16; Jamison and Beswick 1972, p. 348 Display references

 
J F M A M J J A S O N D
BRITISH
COLUMBIA
Pl                         Abundant, in pools and on rocks, shell, and wood in sheltered places in the low intertidal and upper subtidal, known in the subtidal in exposed surfy areas. Scagel 1957, p. 97. Scagel 1973, p. 134. Hawkes et al. 1979, p. 94. Display references
U xx      xxxxxxx
S    xxxxxxxxx  
COLUMBIA
RIVER
Pl                         Abundant, on low intertidal rocks and floating timber in the bay. Doty 1947, p. 39. Sanborn and Doty 1947, p. 30. Display references
U  x    x              
S      xxxxx    x  
CAPE
ARAGO
Pl                         Uncommon, in the low intertidal on pilings in the bay. (HSC 07264, HSC 07051).
U                        
S      x    x          
CAPE
MENDOCINO
Pl                        
U                        
S                        
POINT
ARENA
Pl                        
U                        
S                        
SAN
FRANCISCO
Pl                         Rare, on rocks, in San Francisco Bay (PCS 8068 in UC) and on rock at Capitola (UC 970846, UC 970847).
U                        
S  x      x            

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Page dated: Mon Feb 13 21:24:26 2006
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