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Vascular Plants of California
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Key to Erythranthe

View taxon page for Erythranthe

(For a list of species in Erythranthe, use the above link.)

Jepson Manual glossary definitions can be seen by moving your cursor over words underlined with dots.

1. Corolla light pink to purplish or orange to red – tube-throat > 2 cm;  herb

2. Corolla orange to red; anthersstigma  ..... E. cardinalis

2' Corolla light pink to rose or purplish; anthersstigma 

3. Corolla light pink ..... E. erubescens

3' Corolla magenta-rose to rose-purple or pink-purple ..... E. lewisii

1' Corolla color various, including yellow; generally annual, if  herbcorolla yellow

4. Calyx uppermost  longest, lowest 2 generally upcurved; corolla yellow, lower lip base generally swollen, ± closing mouth (except sometimes in E. arvensis)

5. Bracts subtending flowers a ± round disk, completely encircling stemglaucous ..... E. glaucescens

5' Bracts or leaves subtending flowers not a round disk, petioled or only base encircling stem, not glaucous

6. At least some leaves ± pinnately and narrowly lobed or dissected

7. Leaves pinnately to strongly 2-pinnately lobed or dissected with >= 8 primary  on each side ..... E. filicifolia

7' Leaves laciniate to 2-pinnately lobed or dissected, with < 7 primary  on each side and often with < 3 ..... E. laciniata

6' Leaves not pinnately lobed or dissected, but base occasionally irregularly dissected or lobed

8. Bracts or leaves subtending flowers  to narrowly  or elliptic-lanceolate, not fused at base around stem

9. Cauline  blades 5–25(30+) mm, plants glabrous to minutely glandular-puberulent, fruiting calyces 6–15 mm ..... E. nudata

9' Cauline  blades 4–10 mm; plants glabrous; fruiting calyces 4–6 mm ..... E. percaulis

8' Bracts or leaves subtending flowers  to  or round, occasionally fused at base around stem

10. Plants rhizomatous or stoloniferous

11. Rhizomes broader than filiform, generally 1–few, not highly branched and forming a mass

12. Stems (25)50–120(160+) cm, plant densely glandular-puberulent to coarse-hairy distallycorolla tube  10–15 mm beyond calyx ..... E. grandis

12' Stems (6)15–65(80+) cm, plant glabrous to hairy distallycorolla tube  3–5 mm beyond calyx ..... E. guttata

11' Rhizomes filiform, generally branching, forming a mass

13. Flowers 6–16, corolla tube-throat 10–15 mm ..... E. utahensis

13' Flowers 1–3(6+), corolla tube-throat 13–28 mm

14. Leaves  to broadly ovate, ± hairy ..... E. corallina

14' Leaves  to glabrous to sparsely glandular ..... E. tilingii

10' Annuals, plants fibrous-rooted

15. Corolla  4–8 mm from calyx tube, or if exserted < 4 mm then flowers only in axils of distal leaves, not at proximal 

16. Stems moderately to densely glandular

17. Corolla tube-throat 11–20 mm;  blades 5–17 mm;  9–17 mm; SCoR ..... E. arenicola

17' Corolla tube-throat 10–12 mm;  blades 15–30 mm;  15–45 mm; c SNF ..... E. marmorata

16' Stems glabrous to sparsely hairy ..... E. microphylla

15' Corolla  0–3 mm from calyx tube, flowers in a bracted  or in axils of distal and proximal leaves

18. Stems glabrous ..... E. arvensis

18' . Stems sparsely glandular, ± glandular-puberulent, or glandular-hairy above 

19. Inflorescence with (5)10–16 flowers per stem in a bracted  ..... E. cordata

19' Inflorescence with 1–12(20) flowers per stem from distal to proximal 

20. Plants ± glabrous, glandular-hairy just above the , sometimes hairy distallycalyx 10–15(19) mm ..... E. nasuta

20' Plants glandular-puberulent; calyx 8–11 mm ..... E. pardalis

4' Calyx  generally ± equal or lowest 2 longest, not upcurved; corolla yellow or not, lower lip base not swollen, not closing mouth

21. Perennial herbstolons or rhizomes present

22. Calyx glabrousstems with   so leaves appear as a   or near-basal

23. Leaves  to oblanceolate, ± , forming tufted plants ..... E. linearifolia

23' Leaves  to obovate, generally ±  in ± distinct  and mat-forming ..... E. primuloides

22' Calyx ± glabrous to hairy; stems with evident leaves distinctly separated and cauline or  and cauline

24. Herbage non-glandular; corolla tube , generally > 4 mm wide ..... E. dentata

24' Herbage glandularcorolla tube ±  to narrowly campanulate, 2–4 mm wide except wider at mouth

25. Plants ±  to corolla tube-throat 11–18 mm, anthers glabrous to subglabrous ..... E. moschata

25' Plants lax and diffuse, corolla tube-throat 15–18 mm, anthers finely pubescent ..... E. ptilota

21' Annualstolons and rhizomes 0

26. Calyx tube ± hairy

27. Leaf palmately veined; calyx 8–10(13 in fruit) mm; corolla ± pink to white ..... E. parishii

27' Leaf ± pinnately veined; calyx 3–8(9) mm; corolla yellow

28. Corolla  base each with 1 large, red-purple dot, lower lip occasionally with white patches in sinuses; calyx  rounded;  in fruit growing away from light ..... E. norrisii

28' Corolla  bases without large blotches and white patches on lower lipcalyx  ±  in fruit not growing away from light

29. Corolla tube-throat 5–12 mm, limb 3–4 mm wide ..... E. floribunda

29' Corolla tube-throat 9–14 mm, limb 4–18 mm wide

30. Cauline leaves  to subsessile, blades  to lance-elliptic, generally rounded to attenuate at base ..... E. arenaria

30' Cauline leaves distinctly petiolate, blades ±  to triangular, rounded to  at base ..... E. geniculata

26' Calyx tube glabrous to 

31. Calyx very swollen in fruitmembranouscorolla lavender, rose to ± white, or yellow

32. Distal leaves petioled; corolla generally yellow

33. Corolla tube-throat 3–6.5 mm ..... E. breviflora

33' Corolla tube-throat 7–13 mm

34. Corolla  yellow,  0 or 1–2 mm ..... E. pulsiferae

34' Corolla  pale yellow, light purplish or white, with distinct pink borders;  4–8 mm ..... E. trinitiensis

32' Distal leaves corolla lavender, pink to ± white, or yellow

35. Basal leaves not in corolla yellow ..... E. inflatula

35' Basal leaves in corolla pink to lavender or white (± yellow)

36. Corolla   or very shallowly notched; vernally wet depressions ..... E. latidens

36' Corolla  distinctly notched; drained upland areas

37. Corolla tube-throat 8–12 mm, limbs expanded 7–12 mm wide (pressed) ..... E. acutidens

37' Corolla tube-throat 5–9 mm, limbs expanded 5–6 mm (pressed) ..... E. inconspicua

31' Calyx ± enlarged in fruit, ± corky or membranouscorolla maroon, purple, pink, lavender, yellow, or partly white

38. Lower calyx  > upper ..... E. alsinoides

38' Lower calyx  ± = upper

39. Calyx appearing waxy-white, from non-glandular minute papillae ..... E. taylorii

39' Calyx glabrous to  not appearing waxy-white and without non-glandular minute papillae

40. Fruit exerted from calyx, calyx 2–3.5 mm ..... E. exigua

40' Fruit  in calyx, calyx 2–12 mm

41. Fruiting calyx strongly angled, becoming corky, calyx teeth 

42. Corolla yellow with white upper lip (bicolored) or completely yellow with yellow upper lip ..... E. bicolor

42' Corollas pink to purple

43. Corolla tube 3–7 mm, corolla persistent in fruit ..... E. breweri

43' Corolla tube 8–12 mm, corolla deciduous in fruit ..... E. filicaulis

41' Fruiting calyx not strongly angled, membranous not corky, calyx teeth  to 

44. Corolla bicolored, upper lip maroon, lower lip yellow

45. Upper corolla lip with two maroon , lower lip with three yellow lobes; leaves  to oblanceolate, margins not rolled under,  bases  ..... E. barbata (2)

45' Upper corolla lip with four maroon , lower lip yellow, 2-lobed; leaves  to margins rolled under,  bases clasping ..... E. shevockii

44' Corolla yellow, white, pink, or purple, not bicolored, upper and lower lip ± the same color

46. Calyx  margins 

47. Upper two corolla  much reduced, < lower three lobes, flowers rose to pink ..... E. gracilipes

47' Upper and lower corolla  ± equal, flowers deep pink to purple, white or yellow.

48. Fruiting calyces becoming red, minutely glandular mid-veins prominent

49. Leaves  to , 2–10 mm wide ..... E. calcicola

49' Leaves  to , 1–5 mm wide ..... E. rubella

48' Fruiting calyces becoming straw colored, sometimes red spotted, minutely  or glabrous mid-veins weak

50' Corolla pink to magenta or purple

51. Leaves , never toothed; corolla limb deep pink to purple; stamens yellow; SnGb, SnBr ..... E. palmeri

51' Leaves  or sometimes toothed; corolla limb pale pink to pink; stamens white; SN ..... E. sierrae

46' Calyx  margins glabrous

52. Corolla yellow

53. Internodes short, sometimes not evident, 1–25 mm, plants generally densely compact

54. Corolla tube-throat (5)7–11 mm, tube distinct, throat abruptly expanding, lower limb bearded, red-spotted ..... E. carsonensis

54' Corolla tube-throat 4–6 mm, tube indistinct from throat, lower limb glabrous, sometimes with red markings ..... E. suksdorfii

53' Internodes elongate, distinct, 5–40 mm, plants not densely compact

55. Corolla tube distinct, , expanding abruptly to limb, lower limb bearded ..... E. barbata (2)

55' Corolla tube-throat funnelform, expanding gradually to limb, lower limb sparsely bearded to glabrous ..... E. discolor

52' Corolla pink or purple

56. Leaf bases clasping

57. Corolla weakly zygomorphic, tube-throat 3–8 mm, limb 3–7 mm wide ..... E. androsacea

57' Corolla strongly zygomorphic, tube-throat 5–17 mm, limb 7–11 mm wide

58. Upper lip of corolla darker than lower lip, both upper  nearly  ..... E. purpurea

58' Upper and lower lips of corolla the same color, all corolla  notched ..... E. hardhamiae

56' Leaf bases attenuate

59. Corolla pale pink to rose-colored with a broad yellow throatcorolla width (pressed) 16–25 mm ..... E. rhodopetra

59' Corolla deep pink to purple with two yellow ridges on the lower limbcorolla width (pressed) 6–15 mm

60. Pedicels  to , often spreading horizontally with age ..... E. diffusa

60' Pedicels  to , not  horizontally with age ..... E. discolor



Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) . Jepson eFlora, [accessed on ]

Citation for an individual treatment: [Author of taxon treatment] [year]. [Taxon name] in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, [URL for treatment]. Accessed on .

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