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Vascular Plants of California
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Saltugilia australis


Higher Taxonomy
Family: PolemoniaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Common Name: PHLOX FAMILY
Habit: Annual, perennial herb, shrub, vine. Leaf: simple or compound, cauline (or most basal), alternate or opposite; stipules 0. Inflorescence: cymes, heads, clusters, or flower 1; bracts in involucres or not. Flower: sepals generally 5, fused at base, translucent membrane generally connecting lobes, torn by fruit; corolla generally 5-lobed, radial or bilateral, salverform to bell-shaped, throat often well defined; stamens generally 5, epipetalous, attached at >= 1 level, filaments of >= 1 length, pollen white, yellow, blue, or red; ovary superior, chambers generally 3, style 1, stigmas generally 3. Fruit: capsule. Seed: 1--many, when wetted swelling or not, gelatinous or not.
Genera In Family: 26 genera, 314 species: America, northern Europe, northern Asia; some cultivated (Cantua, Cobaea (cup-and-saucer vine), Collomia, Gilia, Ipomopsis, Linanthus, Phlox). Note: Leptodactylon moved to Linanthus.
eFlora Treatment Author: Robert Patterson, family description, key to genera, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Robert Patterson, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: SaltugiliaView DescriptionDichotomous Key


Habit: Annual, not cobwebby. Stem: erect, branched above; glabrous to glandular-hairy below, glandular but with 0 nonglandular hairs in inflorescence. Leaf: simple, alternate; basal generally suberect in rosette, 2--15 cm, generally 2--3-pinnate, axis linear, lobes spaced, ascending, segments narrower than or equaling leaf axis, tips acute; hairs long, shiny, translucent, minutely gland-tipped; cauline leaves reduced. Inflorescence: open; bracts linear or lobed at base; pedicels 1 or in unequal pairs, glandular; glands flat-topped, wider than stalk. Flower: calyx membranes wider than lobes, generally purple-spotted; corolla > calyx, funnel-shaped, throat yellow-spotted; shortest anther generally attached perpendicular to corolla tube (except in Saltugilia caruifolia); pollen blue. Fruit: narrowly ovoid, valves separating from top. Seed: 4--many per chamber, tan to golden, gelatinous when wet. Chromosomes: 2n=18.
Species In Genus: 4 species: southern California, Baja California. Etymology: (Latin: woodland + gilia, after Filippo Luigi Gilii, Italian naturalist, 1756--1821) Note: Seed germination stimulated by charcoal.
eFlora Treatment Author: Leigh A. Johnson
Reference: Johnson 2007 Novon 17:193--197
Saltugilia australis (H. Mason & A.D. Grant) L.A. Johnson
NATIVE
Stem: generally 1, 5--50 cm. Inflorescence: distal branches ascending; pedicel 4--25 mm. Flower: calyx 2--4 mm, generally glabrous or in age so; corolla 5--10 mm, tube included, glabrous, white, throat white, lobes white to light pink or blue, tips short-pointed; stamens attached at corolla sinuses; style +- exserted. Fruit: 4--7 mm, 1--2 × calyx. Seed: 7--13 per chamber.
Ecology: Chaparral, sandy-gravelly soil; Elevation: 600--1200 m. Bioregional Distribution: TR, PR, D; Distribution Outside California: Baja California. Flowering Time: Mar--Jun
Synonyms: Gilia australis (H. Mason & A.D. Grant) V.E. Grant & A.D. Grant; Gilia splendens Douglas ex H. Mason & A.D. Grant subsp. australis H. Mason & A.D. Grant
Jepson eFlora Author: Leigh A. Johnson
Reference: Johnson 2007 Novon 17:193--197
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Citation for this treatment: Leigh A. Johnson 2012, Saltugilia australis, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=80331, accessed on September 16, 2019.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2019, Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/, accessed on September 16, 2019.

Saltugilia australis
click for enlargement
© 2015 Keir Morse
Saltugilia australis
click for enlargement
© 2015 Keir Morse
Saltugilia australis
click for enlargement
© 2015 Keir Morse
Saltugilia australis
click for enlargement
© 2015 Keir Morse
Saltugilia australis
click for enlargement
© 2015 Keir Morse
Saltugilia australis
click for enlargement
© 2015 Keir Morse

More photos of Saltugilia australis in CalPhotos



Geographic subdivisions for Saltugilia australis:
TR, PR, D
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).





 

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Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.