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Vascular Plants of California
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Scrophularia desertorum


Higher Taxonomy
Family: ScrophulariaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Common Name: FIGWORT FAMILY
Habit: Annual to tree, generally glandular, some +- aquatic. Stem: round to square in ×-section. Leaf: simple, generally alternate, generally +- entire; stipules generally 0 (present in Limosella). Inflorescence: spike to panicle (head-like), generally bracted, or flowers 1--4 in axils. Flower: generally bisexual; calyx lobes 4--5; corolla bilateral to radial, lobes 4--5; stamens epipetalous, 4--5, 5th a staminode in Scrophularia; pistil 1, ovary superior, chambers generally 2, placentas axile, style 1, stigma lobes generally 2. Fruit: capsule, generally +- ovoid, loculicidal or septicidal, or drupe-like.
Genera In Family: +- 65 genera, 1700 species: +- worldwide; some cultivated as ornamental (Verbascum). Note: Other taxa moved to Plantaginaceae (Antirrhinum, Bacopa, Collinsia, Cymbalaria, Digitalis, Dopatrium, Gambelia, Gratiola, Hebe, Holmgrenanthe, Keckiella, Kickxia, Limnophila, Linaria, Lindernia, Maurandella, Mohavea, Nothochelone, Penstemon, Pseudorontium, Stemodia, Synthyris, Tonella, Veronica), Orobanchaceae (Bellardia, Castilleja, Cordylanthus, Orthocarpus, Parentucellia, Pedicularis, Triphysaria), Phrymaceae (Diplacus, Erythranthe, Mimetanthe, Mimulus).
eFlora Treatment Author: Margriet Wetherwax, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: ScrophulariaView DescriptionDichotomous Key


Common Name: FIGWORT
Habit: Annual, perennial herb, subshrub, erect, generally glandular-puberulent to -hairy. Stem: square in ×-section; (15)70--180 cm. Leaf: petioled; opposite, pairs at right angles to each other, lanceolate to triangular-ovate, serrate, dentate, or deeply cut, dark to light green, yellow-green, or gray-green (dull green), base cordate to truncate or occasionally +- wedge-shaped. Inflorescence: generally panicle of cymes, occasionally axillary cymes or flower 1; axes, pedicels generally slender, occasionally glabrous. Flower: calyx lobes 5, 2--4 mm, triangular-ovate to lanceolate, acuminate to acute or rounded, green, persistent, margins scarious or not; corolla 6--14 mm, inflated proximally, generally 2-colored, upper lip 2-lobed, generally darker than lower, lower lip < upper, 3-lobed, middle lobe reflexed, lateral lobes erect, mouth constricted; fertile stamens 4, included, 2 generally longer; staminode 0 or proximally fused to corolla, much-reduced, or elongated with expanded tip; stigma head-like or 2-lobed; nectary disk fleshy, at ovary base. Fruit: septicidal. Seed: oblong-ovoid, ridged.
Species In Genus: 150--200 species: North America, temperate Asia, Mediterranean. Etymology: (Latin: associated with the disease scrofula by the doctrine of signatures)
eFlora Treatment Author: Kim R. Kersh
Reference: Shaw 1962 Aliso 5:147--178
Scrophularia desertorum (Munz) R.J. Shaw
NATIVE
Habit: Perennial herb. Stem: 70--120 cm. Leaf: larger blades 4--8(12) cm, yellow- to gray-green (dull-green), base wedge-shaped, narrowed to petiole. Inflorescence: axes, pedicels glandular-puberulent, generally curved upward. Flower: calyx lobes 2--3 mm, triangular-ovate, green, tip acute to rounded, margins generally scarious; corolla 7--9 mm, inflated, mouth +- constricted, upper lobes maroon, lower lobes cream, edges +- pink; staminode tip club-shaped; stigma head-like.
Ecology: Dry rocky slopes, generally in crevices, among boulders, canyons, gravelly washes; Elevation: 850--3000 m. Bioregional Distribution: SN, GB, DMoj; Distribution Outside California: Nevada. Flowering Time: Apr--Aug
Jepson eFlora Author: Kim R. Kersh
Reference: Shaw 1962 Aliso 5:147--178
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Botanical illustration including Scrophularia desertorum

botanical illustration including Scrophularia desertorum

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Citation for this treatment: Kim R. Kersh 2012, Scrophularia desertorum, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=43854, accessed on November 22, 2019.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2019, Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/, accessed on November 22, 2019.

Scrophularia desertorum
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© 2006 Larry Blakely
Scrophularia desertorum
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© 2006 Larry Blakely
Scrophularia desertorum
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© 2009 Steve Matson
Scrophularia desertorum
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© 1998 Larry Blakely
Scrophularia desertorum
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© 2014 Steve Matson
Scrophularia desertorum
click for enlargement
© 2009 Steve Matson

More photos of Scrophularia desertorum in CalPhotos



Geographic subdivisions for Scrophularia desertorum:
SN, GB, DMoj
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).





 

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Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.