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Vascular Plants of California
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Sanicula tracyi
TRACY'S SANICLE


Higher Taxonomy
Family: Apiaceae (Umbelliferae)View DescriptionDichotomous Key
Common Name: CARROT FAMILY
Habit: Annual to perennial herb [shrub, tree], generally from taproot. Stem: generally +- scapose, generally ribbed, hollow. Leaf: basal and generally cauline, generally alternate; stipules generally 0; petiole base generally sheathing stem; blade generally much dissected, occasionally compound. Inflorescence: umbel or head, simple or compound, generally peduncled; bracts present in involucres or 0; bractlets generally present in "involucels". Flower: many, small, generally bisexual (or some staminate), generally radial (or outer bilateral); calyx 0 or lobes 5, small; petals 5, free, generally ovate or spoon-shaped, generally incurved at tips, generally +- ephemeral; stamens 5; pistil 1, ovary inferior, 2-chambered, generally with a +- conic, persistent projection or platform at tip subtending 2 free styles. Fruit: 2 dry, 1-seeded halves (= mericarps), separating from each other but generally +- persistent to central axis; ribs on halves 5, 2 marginal, 3 to back; oil tubes 1--several per interval between ribs.
Genera In Family: 300 genera, 3000 species: +- worldwide, especially temperate; many cultivated for food or spice (e.g., Carum, caraway; Daucus; Petroselinum); Bupleurum lancifolium Hornem. is historical garden weed; some toxic (e.g., Conium). Note: Mature fruit generally critical in identification, shape given in outline. Hydrocotyle moved to Araliaceae, Orogenia moved to Lomatium, Sphenosciadium moved to Angelica. Petroselinum crispum (Mill.) A.W. Hill is a waif.
eFlora Treatment Author: Lincoln Constance & Margriet Wetherwax, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: SaniculaView DescriptionDichotomous Key


Habit: Biennial, perennial herb, rhizomed or tap- or tuberous-rooted, glabrous or minutely scabrous. Stem: generally spreading to erect. Leaf: blade oblong-ovate to obovate, entire to ternately, palmately, or pinnately lobed, dissected, or compound. Inflorescence: heads simple, in cymes or racemes, dense, of bisexual and staminate (staminate only) flowers; bracts entire or lobed, < to > heads; bisexual flowers pedicelled or not, staminate generally long-pedicelled. Flower: calyx lobes prominent, persistent, occasionally fused; petals wide, yellow, purple, or +- white (pale red-orange), tips narrowed, generally lobed; styles long or short; ovary tip projection 0. Fruit: oblong-ovate to round, +- compressed side-to-side; fruit-halves +- cylindric, prickly to scaly or tubercled; ribs 0; oil tubes evident or obscure, regularly or irregularly arranged; fruit central axis not obvious. Seed: face flat or grooved.
Species In Genus: +- 40 species: temperate, +- worldwide. Etymology: (Latin: to heal)
eFlora Treatment Author: Lincoln Constance & Margriet Wetherwax
Reference: [Bell 1954 Univ Calif Publ Bot 27:133--230]
Sanicula tracyi R.H. Shan & Constance
NATIVE
Habit: Plant 35--60 cm, slender, taprooted. Leaf: compound, ternate then 1--2-pinnate, green or +- purple; blade 2.5--3.5 cm, +- ovate, leaflets irregularly toothed or lobed, margins serrate. Inflorescence: peduncle 0.5--4 cm; bracts fused proximal to middle, 5--8, < heads, lanceolate or ovate; pedicel of bisexual flower 0, staminate 2--4 mm, +- > fruit. Flower: bisexual 2--3, staminate 4--7; calyx lobes fused proximal to middle, 0.3--0.5 mm, ovate, acute; corolla yellow; styles 3 × calyx lobes. Fruit: 2--3 mm wide, obovate or +- round; tubercles inflated, unarmed or few-prickly distally. Seed: face concave. Chromosomes: 2n=16.
Ecology: Openings in conifer forest, woodland; Elevation: 40--1550 m. Bioregional Distribution: NCo (Humboldt Co.), NCoRO, NCoRH, CaRF (Butte Co.). Flowering Time: Mar--May
Jepson eFlora Author: Lincoln Constance & Margriet Wetherwax
Reference: [Bell 1954 Univ Calif Publ Bot 27:133--230]
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Listed on CNPS Rare Plant Inventory

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Botanical illustration including Sanicula tracyi

botanical illustration including Sanicula tracyi

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Citation for this treatment: Lincoln Constance & Margriet Wetherwax 2012, Sanicula tracyi, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=43188, accessed on November 21, 2019.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2019, Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/, accessed on November 21, 2019.

Sanicula tracyi
click for enlargement
© 2013 Steve Matson
Sanicula tracyi
click for enlargement
© 2013 Steve Matson
Sanicula tracyi
click for enlargement
© 2013 Steve Matson

More photos of Sanicula tracyi in CalPhotos



Geographic subdivisions for Sanicula tracyi:
NCo (Humboldt Co.), NCoRO, NCoRH, CaRF (Butte Co.).
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).





 

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Data provided by the participants of the  Consortium of California Herbaria.
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All markers link to CCH specimen records. The original determination is shown in the popup window.
Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.