Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Vascular Plants of California
Key to families | Table of families and genera
Previous taxon Index to accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Next taxon


Phacelia inyoensis
INYO PHACELIA


Higher Taxonomy
Family: BoraginaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Common Name: BORAGE or WATERLEAF FAMILY
Habit: Annual to shrub or small tree, or non-green root parasite, often bristly or sharp-hairy. Stem: prostrate to erect. Leaf: basal and/or cauline, generally simple, generally alternate. Inflorescence: generally cymes, or panicle-, raceme-, head-, or spike-like, generally coiled in flower (often described as scorpioid), generally elongating in fruit, or flowers 1--2 per axil. Flower: bisexual, generally radial; sepals (4)5(10), fused at least at base, or free; corolla (4)5(10)-lobed, salverform, funnel-shaped, rotate, or bell-shaped, generally without scales at tube base, with 0 or 5 appendages at tube top, alternate stamens; stamens epipetalous; ovary generally superior, entire to 4-lobed, style 1(2), entire or 2-lobed or -branched. Fruit: valvate or circumscissile capsule or nutlets 1--4, free (fused), smooth to roughened, prickly or bristly or not.
Genera In Family: +- 120 genera, +- 2300 species: tropics, temperate, especially western North America, Mediterranean; some cultivated (Borago, Heliotropium, Echium, Myosotis, Nemophila, Phacelia, Symphytum, Wigandia). Toxicity: Many genera may be TOXIC from pyrrolizidine alkaloids or accumulated nitrates. Note: Recently treated to include Hydrophyllaceae, Lennoaceae. Wigandia urens added, as naturalized.
eFlora Treatment Author: Ronald B. Kelley, Robert Patterson, Richard R. Halse & Timothy C. Messick, family description, key to genera, treatment of genera by Ronald B. Kelley, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Ronald B. Kelley, Robert Patterson, Thomas J. Rosatti, Bruce G. Baldwin, David J. Keil.
Genus: PhaceliaView DescriptionDichotomous Key


Habit: Annual to perennial herb, generally glandular-hairy, taprooted or from +- thick caudex. Leaf: generally cauline, generally alternate, simple to 2-pinnately compound, generally +- reduced upward. Inflorescence: cyme, generally dense, coiled, generally 1-sided; pedicels generally <= 5 mm, generally straight. Flower: sepals generally 5, generally fused at base, generally equal, generally +- alike, generally persistent, enlarging in fruit; corolla generally deciduous, at least some persistent and withering in fruit in some species, rotate to tubular or bell- or funnel-shaped, +- white, blue, purple, pink or yellow, tube and throat not always clearly differentiated, generally glabrous inside, scales of tube base 0 or free from or fused to filament bases, generally white, nectary gland on petal midvein generally 0, each petal with generally 0, sometimes 2--many translucent areas, 2 or 4 of which parallel; stamens generally attached at same level, generally equal, generally exserted, bases generally not wider, with 2 or generally 0 wings, filaments generally white, pollen generally tan; ovary chamber 1, sometimes appearing as 2 due to intrusion of the 2 placentas, placentas parietal, enlarging and meeting in fruit, style 2-lobed, generally hairy proximal to lobes, disk proximal to ovary generally inconspicuous. Fruit: capsule, oblong to spheric, generally rounded at base, generally beaked. Seed: 1--many (number sometimes due to ovule abortion), oblong to spheric, generally brown; abaxially generally pitted or cross-furrowed.
Species In Genus: +- 210 species: America; some cultivated for ornamental. Etymology: (Greek: cluster, from dense inflorescence) Toxicity: Dermatitis caused by contact with hairs, especially glandular, of P. campanularia, P. crenulata, P. ixodes, P. minor, P. parryi, P. pedicellata (Reynolds et al. 1986 Contact Dermatitis 14:39--44). Note: Some California per species intergrade, hybridize, difficult to distinguish. Phacelia ixodes Kellogg, included in TJM (1993), not known from California. Since TJM2, Phacelia dalesiana J.T. Howell transferred to Howellanthus as Howellanthus dalesianus (J.T. Howell) Walden & R. Patt. Regarding indument in this treatment: minute (for e.g., puberulent) < 0.2 mm; short = 0.2--2 mm; long > 2 mm.
eFlora Treatment Author: Genevieve K. Walden, Robert Patterson, Laura M. Garrison & Debra R. Hansen
Reference: Hansen et al. 2009 Syst Bot 34:737--746; Walden & Patterson 2012 Madroño 59:211--222
Unabridged Reference: Gilbert et al. 2005 Syst Bot 30:627--634; Reynolds et al. 1986 Contact Dermatitis 14:39--44; Reynolds & Rodriguez 1979 Phytochemistry 18:1567--1568; Reynolds & Rodriguez 1981a Phytochemistry 20:1365--1366; Reynolds & Rodriguez 1981b Planta Medica 43:187--193; Reynolds & Rodriguez 1986 Phytochemistry 25:1617--1619.
Phacelia inyoensis (J.F. Macbr.) J.T. Howell
NATIVE
Habit: Annual 3--10 cm. Stem: decumbent to erect, branched at base, short-stiff-hairy, minutely glandular. Leaf: 5--20 mm, +- basal; blade > petiole, elliptic to obovate, entire to few-lobed. Inflorescence: pedicels 1--6 mm. Flower: calyx lobes 2--3 mm, 3.5--6 mm in fruit, narrowly oblanceolate, short-hairy; corolla persistent in fruit, 2--3 mm, +- narrowly bell-shaped, pale yellow, glabrous inside, scales 0 or free from filaments, linear; stamens 1.5--3 mm, included, glabrous, filaments, pollen yellow; style 1 mm, included, cleft < 1/4, glabrous, disk proximal to ovary conspicuous. Fruit: 3--4 mm, oblong, puberulent. Seed: 18--25, 0.5--1 mm; cross-furrows 5--9. Chromosomes: n=12.
Ecology: Alkaline meadow margins, seeps in desert scrub; Elevation: 1100--3200 m. Bioregional Distribution: SNE. Flowering Time: May--Jul
Synonyms: Miltitzia inyoensis J.F. Macbr.
Jepson eFlora Author: Genevieve K. Walden, Robert Patterson, Laura M. Garrison & Debra R. Hansen
Reference: Hansen et al. 2009 Syst Bot 34:737--746; Walden & Patterson 2012 Madroño 59:211--222
Unabridged Reference: Gilbert et al. 2005 Syst Bot 30:627--634; Reynolds et al. 1986 Contact Dermatitis 14:39--44; Reynolds & Rodriguez 1979 Phytochemistry 18:1567--1568; Reynolds & Rodriguez 1981a Phytochemistry 20:1365--1366; Reynolds & Rodriguez 1981b Planta Medica 43:187--193; Reynolds & Rodriguez 1986 Phytochemistry 25:1617--1619.
Jepson Online Interchange
Listed on CNPS Rare Plant Inventory

Previous taxon: Phacelia inundata
Next taxon: Phacelia ivesiana

Name Search

Botanical illustration including Phacelia inyoensis

botanical illustration including Phacelia inyoensis

Contact/Feedback

Citation for this treatment: Genevieve K. Walden, Robert Patterson, Laura M. Garrison & Debra R. Hansen 2013, Phacelia inyoensis, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, Revision 1, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=37496, accessed on August 23, 2019.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2019, Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/, accessed on August 23, 2019.

Phacelia inyoensis
click for enlargement
© 2019 Steve Matson
Phacelia inyoensis
click for enlargement
© 2019 Steve Matson
Phacelia inyoensis
click for enlargement
© 2019 Steve Matson
Phacelia inyoensis
click for enlargement
© 2019 Steve Matson
Phacelia inyoensis
click for enlargement
© 2019 Steve Matson
Phacelia inyoensis
click for enlargement
© 2019 Steve Matson

More photos of Phacelia inyoensis in CalPhotos



Geographic subdivisions for Phacelia inyoensis:
SNE.
MAP CONTROLS
1. You can change the display of the base map and layers by clicking on the layer control box in the upper right-hand corner.
2. California county polygons can be turned off and on in the layer control box.
3. Filling of Jepson subdivision polygons can be turned off and on in the layer control box.
4. Marker clustering can be turned on by clicking this link:      Marker Clustering ON
WARNING: This page may load slowly if there are large numbers of specimens in the database.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).





 

View elevation by latitude chart


Data provided by the participants of the  Consortium of California Herbaria.
MAP LEGEND
View all CCH records
All markers link to CCH specimen records. The original determination is shown in the popup window.
Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
READ ABOUT YELLOW FLAGS


CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.