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Aphyllon californicum subsp. feudgei


Higher Taxonomy
Family: OrobanchaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Common Name: BROOMRAPE FAMILY
Habit: Annual, perennial herb, shrub; often glandular; root-parasites, roots modified into absorptive structures. Stem: generally round in ×-section. Leaf: generally simple, generally alternate, reduced to +- fleshy scales in non-green plants lacking chlorophyll; stipules generally 0. Inflorescence: spike to panicle, generally bracted, or flowers 1--2 in axils. Flower: bisexual; calyx lobes 0--5; corolla generally strongly bilateral, generally 2-lipped (upper lip generally 2-lobed, lower lip generally 3-lobed), abaxial lobes outside other lobes in bud; stamens epipetalous, 4 in 2 pairs (sometimes 1 pair sterile), additional staminode 0(1), anther sacs unequal; ovary superior, chambers 1--2, placentas 2--4, parietal, style 1, stigma lobes 0 or 2. Fruit: capsule, generally +- ovoid, loculicidal, valves 2--4. Seed: many, small, angled; surface smooth or netted.
Genera In Family: 101 genera, 2060 species: worldwide, especially northern temperate and Africa. Note: High yield losses in many crops caused by Orobanche and Phelipanche species in Africa, Mediterranean, Middle East, and eastern Europe. Taxa of Orobanche in TJM2 treated here in Aphyllon and Phelipanche.
eFlora Treatment Author: Margriet Wetherwax, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Robert Patterson, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: AphyllonView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: BROOMRAPE
Habit: Annual, perennial herb, not green (holoparasites), generally glandular-puberulent distally; root attachment occasionally tuber-like. Stem: simple or branched. Inflorescence: generally +- spike-like (proximal flowers often short-pedicelled or on short branches) and dense, or clusters of erect pedicelled flowers; bracts generally lanceolate to deltate (wider on peduncle); bractlets 0 or 2. Flower: calyx lobes 5; corolla glandular-puberulent, generally lacking ring of hairs at stamen bases, upper lip erect to reflexed, 2-lobed, lower lip 3-lobed, spreading, throat floor with yellow folds; anthers glabrous to hairy; stigma lobes generally 2. Fruit: 2-valved; placentas generally 2, often lobed, style persistent. Seed: < 1 mm.
Species In Genus: 22 species: North America, South America. Etymology: (Greek: without leaf)
eFlora Treatment Author: Adam C. Schneider & Alison E.L. Colwell
Reference: Schneider 2016 Phytokeys 75:107--118.
Unabridged Reference: Heckard 1973 Madroño 22:41--70.
Species: Aphyllon californicumView Description 

Habit: Plant 4--35 cm, pale to pink-purple above ground, glandular-puberulent. Stem: 1 or clustered, slender to stout, branched proximally or throughout. Inflorescence: long or branched and +- flat- to convex-topped; pedicels 0--4 cm, distal shorter, bractlets 2; flowers generally crowded. Flower: calyx 12--20 mm, generally pale to +- pink, lobes linear-triangular, >> tube; corolla +- purple or white to pink with darker veins, +- glandular-puberulent, lips 10--14 mm, generally widely flaring; upper lip obtuse to rounded; anthers woolly; placentas 4, stigma lobes 2, triangular, margins recurved.

Aphyllon californicum subsp. feudgei (Munz) A.C. Schneid.
NATIVE
Habit: Plant 10--30 cm. Stem: generally branched distally, stout. Inflorescence: +- flat- or round-topped; branches generally < 9 cm. Flower: corolla 25--35 mm, tube +- stout, abruptly expanded above sinus, > 4 mm wide at constriction, forming hump on throat 8--10 mm wide, lips moderately recurved, +- white to +- yellow, purple-tinged and/or +- red veined. Chromosomes: 2n=48.
Ecology: Dry washes, slopes, flats, primarily on Artemisia tridentata; Elevation: 700--2500 m. Bioregional Distribution: s SNH, Teh, TR, PR, s SNE, DMoj; Distribution Outside California: to Baja California. Flowering Time: May--Jul Note: Plants with elongate inflorescence from SW chaparral/oak woodland on Isocoma, or from SNE, DMoj on Chrysothamnus that key here are undescribed subspecies.
Unabridged Synonyms: Orobanche californica subsp. feudgei (Munz) Heckard; Orobanche grayana Beck var. feudgei Munz
Jepson eFlora Author: Adam C. Schneider & Alison E.L. Colwell
Reference: Schneider 2016 Phytokeys 75:107--118.
Unabridged Reference: Heckard 1973 Madroño 22:41--70.
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Previous taxon: Aphyllon californicum subsp. condensum
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Citation for this treatment: Adam C. Schneider & Alison E.L. Colwell 2017, Aphyllon californicum subsp. feudgei, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, Revision 5, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=103322, accessed on August 18, 2019.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2019, Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/, accessed on August 18, 2019.

No expert verified images found for Aphyllon californicum subsp. feudgei.



Geographic subdivisions for Aphyllon californicum subsp. feudgei:
s SNH, Teh, TR, PR, s SNE, DMoj
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Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.