Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Vascular Plants of California
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Higher Taxonomy
Family: UrticaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Annual, perennial herb [to shrub, soft-wooded tree], hairs stinging and not [glabrous]; monoecious or dioecious; wind-pollinated. Leaf: alternate or opposite, generally stipuled, petioled, blade often with translucent, raised dots due to crystals in epidermal cells. Inflorescence: axillary, 1-flowered or head-, raceme-, or panicle-like. Flower: generally unisexual, small, +- green; sepals generally 4--5, free to fused; petals 0. Staminate Flower: stamens generally 4--5, opposite sepals, incurved in bud, reflexing suddenly when flower opens. Pistillate Flower: ovary 1, superior, chamber 1, style 0--1, stigma 1, generally hair-tufted. Fruit: generally achene.
Genera In Family: 50 genera, 700 species: worldwide; some cultivated (Boehmeria, ramie; Pilea, clearweed).
eFlora Treatment Author: Robert E. Preston & Dennis W. Woodland
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Habit: Annual, erect, slender, stinging hairs present; monoecious. Leaf: opposite, toothed. Inflorescence: generally head-like, of both staminate, pistillate flowers. Staminate Flower: sepals 4, +- free; stamens 4. Pistillate Flower: sepals 2--4, +- equal, fused +- to tip. Fruit: lenticular, enclosed by ovate, sac-like, membranous calyx.
Species In Genus: 2 species: California, Baja California, Hawaii. Etymology: (Greek: western nettle)
Jepson eFlora Author: Robert E. Preston & Dennis W. Woodland
Unabridged Reference: Woodland et al. 1976 Canad J Bot 54:374--383
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Citation for this treatment: Robert E. Preston & Dennis W. Woodland 2012, Hesperocnide, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on October 23, 2019.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2019, Jepson eFlora,, accessed on October 23, 2019.